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[Solved] the difference between functional and dysfunctional essay

The difference between functional and dysfunctional conflict is that functional serves a purpose in the organization such as the interest and dysfunctional serves no purpose but to threaten the organization ((Kinicki A. Kreitner R. 2008 p. 277). The five antecedents of conflict are the “overlapping or unclear job boundaries, inadequate communication, unreasonable or unclear policies standards or rules, unreasonable deadlines or extreme time pressure, and competition for limited resources” (Kinicki A. Kreitner R. 2008 p. 77). First overlapping or unclear job boundaries are very common in the workplace, as I come to realize. I was working for this company, whom made it clear my job was a receptionist. Around three month on the job an employee ask me to help with a patient so and I did. Shortly thereafter I was asked to do all types of things, from ordering supplies to patient check-ins. I realize my work was overlapping, all my paper work was not being submitted on time to the department that needed this information to continue their job.

I had no job boundaries, so I went to management and explain what was going on it was explain to me that they were boarding my duties and I will be getting a letter on the matter, two week after I resigned from the company because it was just too much. If I was told of these duties when I was hire it I would have made my decision on whether to accept the job. Inadequate communication can be harmful to a company; I also believe employees and management need to communicate for the organization to be successful.

For example if the company had discuss the changes that was forthcoming I would have taken this into consideration before resigning. Instead other employees were telling me management said to do this and do that. I such not have to be the one to go to management for information a notice should have been sent out to all employees. I believe this would have been effective communication. Unreasonable or unclear policies standards or rules, policies and rules need to emphases before an employee begin his or her job. For example I have seen where one the policies or rules of the company were not upheld.

This policy was diversity; this company pride themselves on that being one of their best attribute. Working in the human resource office you hear and see numerous things, but one situation really stated with me. A potential employee, with all the qualification that they were looking for, but they decided not to hire that person because they had enough of their kind (This was a statement from one of my coworker). I ask the person what she meant by that and she just say they have to have so much employees from different background and they had enough of that group, so they can’t hire that person.

Unreasonable deadlines or extreme time pressure, sometimes management can give employees numerous works in the morning and want it back by the end of the day. You can get so overwhelm because of the time pressure you become stress and can make mistake that can cause the company. Competition for limited resources can be limited funds for certain projects. So employees go against each other for those resources to complete their job, and this becomes a survival of the fittest kind of thing. The “three desired outcomes to conflict are agreement, stronger relationship, and learning” (Kinicki A. Kreitner R. 2008 p. 78). If employee can be in agreement in certain job situations, for instance when one employee is having problem with a project the other employee can give this or her input to help with the project without any resentments. Stronger relationship with your fellow employee can make the work place more pleasant, because everyone respects each other position opinion. Learning is an ongoing process we each can learn from each other as we progress in life. Reference: Kinicki, A. Kreitner R (2008) Organizational Behavior: Key concepts, skills & best practices, Third Edition. Boston, New York: McGraw- Hill Company.

[Solved] the difference between goods and assets

Difference between Goods and Assets An economic good is a physical object or service that has value to people and can be sold for a non-negative price in the marketplace. [i] An asset is a resource controlled by the enterprise as a result of past events and from which future economic benefits are expected to flow to the enterprise. [ii] “Assets” is a much broader term in macroeconomics and accounting compared to goods. Assets include different items like fixed assets, current assets and investments. Some are tangible and some are intangible. Many items like cash, ownership rights, etc are the assets of a company but they are not goods.

In crude terms we can say that all goods are assets but all assets are not goods. Example: Any good or service of a company can be termed as an asset as it has the ability to generate future income. On the other hand the ownership right (which is an asset) cannot be considered as a good as it is neither a physical object nor a service that can be availed. Moreover if we reflect upon the “value” aspect of the goods then not every asset of the company will of value to the people in direct terms. In fact the concept of “goods” is more closely related to the people’s point of view and that of the assets to the company’s point of view.

One more distinguishing factor between goods and assets is the inclusion in the accounting principles. Assets are a part of accounting and thus are subjected to specific standards for qualifying as the same. On the other hand goods are relatively defined and are prone to personal biases. For instance a particular good may have different perceptions as there is no standard to qualify or quantify it. ———————– [i] http://economics. about. com/od/termsbeginningwithe/g/economic_good. htm [ii] http://www. iasplus. com/standard/framewk. htm

[Solved] the difference between incoterms 2000 and incoterms 2010

International Commerce Terms (Incoterms), introduced by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) in 1936 primarily for individuals participating in global trade, serves as a guideline for the acquisition and transportation of goods internationality (Varoujian, 2011). Incoterms is beneficial to businesses because it helps regulate the risks, costs and other obligations. While it is recommended that businesses who engage in trade implement Incoterms, it is not mandatory and should be agreed upon by both parties (Varoujian, 2011).

Due to the increase in global sales and international trade, the Incoterm are updated every ten years to account for the growth and development in the trade market (Shepherd & Graham). The Incoterm 2010 came into effect on January 1, 2011 and includes changes in terminology, commodity sales, and handling charges. Also included in the update are guidance notes that explain the basic of each Incoterm rule, when it should be used, when risk passes and so on (Shepherd & Graham). Both the seller and buyer are obligated to follow these rules (once contracted).

The updates are flexible and buyers/sellers can resort to using the old guidelines as long as they specify which version they are using in their contracts (Shepherd & Graham). Some terminology was changed in the update that are important for the traders to be aware of and have been presented in a more user-friendly way including visual diagrams. For example, the terms “DAF” (delivered at frontier), “DAT” (delivered at terminal), and the term “DES” (delivered ex ship) are now replaced by “DAT” (delivered at terminal) and “DAP” (delivered at place) (Varoujian, 2011).

This change was developed to clearly differentiate between delivering areas. “CIP” (Carriage and Insurance Paid to) the buyer must make available to the seller any information regarding insurance information. “CPT” (Carriage Paid To) with this operation the shipper and seller has the same obligations, which is found with CIF. The seller has to buy cargo insurance and while the goods are in transit the seller has to name the buyer as the insured. In addition to the 11 rules, Incoterms 2010, added extensive guidance notes and graphics to illustrate risk and obligation related to each Incoterms (Varoujian, 2011).

Sometimes items that are in transit get sold several times, referred to as string sales (Shepherd & Graham). When an item is part of a string sale there are multiple sellers, but only the first seller will have been responsible for the shipping of such goods. String sales are allowed and the recent update to the Incoterms 2010 detail such permission. In line with sales are handling charges (Varoujian, 2011). The Incoterms 2010 also changed the way in which the terminal handling chargers are to be paid.

Under the Incoterms 2000 (CIF/CFR), the buyers were possibly paying for the same service twice since the seller had included freight costs as part of the sale price and buyers were being obligated to pay those additional costs during pick-up (Shepherd & Graham). There were times when the carrier or terminal operator expected the buyer to pay for handling and moving the goods. Incoterms 2010 made it clear which party is liable when delivery is on a Fee Carrier (FCA) basis and a Free On Board (FOB) basis. FCA” the seller is responsible for arranging transportation, and for all other related expenses where as “FOB” the seller is required to clear the goods for export but the buyer bears all cost from the moment the goods are en route to its destination (Varoujian, 2011). The changes made to Incoterms 2010 might at a first glance seem small and insignificant, but the Incoterms was made to avoid any misunderstanding between countries during trade. However, the revision is necessary because it serves as a set of regulations and definitions of the most commonly used contractual terms in trade agreement.

[Solved] the devils highway

Alberto Urrea is suggesting that neither of the governments are putting enough effort to change border policy, American more so than Mexican. Also, he is trying to explain how status quo might be viewed as beneficial for both sides to some extend. However, by changing the border policy, Urrea thinks that it would solve more than just border issues. It would improve economy of both countries, American in specific. Alberto Urrea is guiding us trough the tragic story of 26 people on their quest for better life. The main concern of this book is, obviously, more than just that.

Their quest is a story within the story of a larger proportion, complexity and importance, the border policy. In his book, Urrea is presenting all the pieces of the puzzle that create the big picture, from bottom to the top, and therefor making it more complex. He is talking about governments, Border patrol, criminals ,and people that are trying to cross the border. The emphasis is on the last ones in the chain, the walkers, as they are a direct victims of the story. The group of people in the story is no different than any other group that tried to cross border before, nor the group that is trying to cross the border tonight as I write this.

Big difference is the outcome of their journey, and the influence it had on the attempt to change border policy issues. Death of these people just opened the eyes to remaining few people unaware of the current issues and stupidity of border policy. The outcome is a direct result of border policy. Since 14 people died in this tragic event, it attracted massive media coverage and engaged both governments in seek for at least a temporary solution for this ongoing problem. “The media only cares about Yuma 14 because of the large numbers. But this tragedy goes on every day.

It never stops. If only one person dies out there, it is exactly the same horror story” (207). And shortly after this event they showed some willingness to change things. “Hope began to glimmer for a short period as presidents Fox and Bush courted each other. A kind of border accord loomed, and the sacrifice of the Yuma 14 helped stir the leaders of each nation to pity. Fox has wisely approached the United States in the fresh manner . The message was clear: Mexico represents billions of dollars in profit. Washington was moved to wonder, Border?

What border? Sweeping change was coming over the horizon. But the atrocities of 9/11 killed Border Perestroika. An open border suddenly seemed like an act of war” (204). According to Urrea, from this point on, many minor changes and improvements have happened, but all of these happened on not that significant level. Some of those were even counterproductive. “Homeland Security, that long arm of the Fatherland, moved to absorb the Border Patrol into itself, recombining federal agencies and trying to forge a colossus of border enforcement” (205). The Mexicans opened a small consulate in Yuma, though the consuls agree that the Yuma consulate is an empty gesture” (211). Border Patrol build light towers to help navigate lost walkers.

“The towers are build , raised, maintained, and paid for out-of-pocket by those bleeding-heart liberals, the Border Patrol agents themselves” (214). No change happened where it counts the most, governments didn’t do much to change border policy. “In the year after the Wellton 26 lost their way, Tucson sector racked up deaths in the hundreds. Yuma sector managed to reduce the season’s death rate to nine” (214). The Yuma 14 changed nothing, and they changed everything” (211). All of the things done so far were done mainly to manipulate the public eye, and to make them look like as they care and are trying to change things. Governments should have done more, because they had good reasons to do so. Some studies pointed out how beneficial would it be to change border policy. “Numbers never lie, after all: they simply tell different stories depending on the math of the tellers” (215). “Several studies have also pointed out that illegal immigrants actually depress wages.

They help keep the minimum wage down” (216). “If there are eight million tonks slaving away in the United States right now, most of those workers pay federal income tax: shaved right of the top. No choice, just like you. They pay state taxes: shaved right of the top. They get tapped for Social Security and FICA. There’s a whole lot of shaving going on” (216). Urrea is trying to point out that estimated lifetime net fiscal drain for the average adult Mexican emigrant, which is $55K, would be easily covered by their spendings, and would pour billions of dollars into American economy.

The numbers are high. They are currently making money out of their relationship, even with this border policy which clearly doesn’t make sense. “Thunderbird learned that Arizona gets $8 billion in economic impact annually from the relationship with Mexico. That’s profit, not cost. Mexico makes $5. 5 billion” (218). “UCLA’s North American Integration and Development Center released a study that found that undocumented immigrants contributed at least $300 billion per year to the U. S. gross domestic product (GDP) “ (217).

So, if it’s that clear that having more immigrants would improve American economy, why don’t they change border policy? Urrea didn’t really give much explanation why it is still like this, other than telling us how the negotiations between governments were put on hold after 9/11. Not only that negotiations were put on hold, but in the way it moved in the other direction, where America started viewing the border as a place where the threat is coming from. He rather writes about why it should be changed, and all the small players in the game that either suffer or benefit the most out the current rules.

He writes about Border Patrol, people that are “just doing their jobs”, but they also seem to understand the depth of this problem. They are the ones that see the worst results of this border policy: death, almost on daily basis. And even though they are the ones to prevent illegal immigrants from entering into United States, in general they feel sorry for these people. He writes about criminals that are benefiting from current situation, by trafficking people across the border for money.

Most often with no compassion for walkers, they treat them like animals, it’s all business for Coyotes. Mainly, he writes about poor people that are trying to cross border in search for better life for them and their families. Urrea is suggesting that border policy should be reexamined and changed, because the benefits from that would be much greater for both sides. By adjusting the border policy to the point where it would be much easier for Mexicans and other Latin Americans to enter United States legally, many problems would be solved.

Both governments would profit out of that. American by having a cheap documented labor force that pays taxes. Labor force that keeps wages low, and spends money in United States. Labor force that is doing “unwanted jobs”. Mexico would profit by reducing unemployment rate. Also, by big amounts of money pouring from United States from their own people, but also investments into their healthier economy. The rate of criminal acts on the border would be much lower, especially in human trafficking business.

There wouldn’t be a reason for people to wonder trough the deadly dessert in order to cross the border. Therefor, the rate of death people at the border would significantly become lower, which at the end counts the most. Border Patrol would never have to say again; “We deal with death so often in here that we forget. We forget, you see. We’re indelicate. If you don’t work here, death still means something to you” (220). After all, human life should be more important than anything else.

Works Cited

Urrea, Luis Alberto. The Devil’s Highway. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 2004. Print.

[Solved] the devils highway review 40658

He is a writer who has won many awards and published a total of 3 books. He applies his dual-culture life experiences to telling stories both from his Mexican and American backgrounds. His book ‘The Devils Highway’ is a non-fiction account of immigrants from Mexico who get lost in the desert of Arizona. Three years after this happened, Luis, wrote their story. The result was an award winning book, “The Devils Highway’. He won the Pulitzer Prize finalist, a “book of the year. His years of experience as a teacher of literature and writing gave him mileage in his writing experience.

He won his first award in 1994, the Colorado Book Award in poetry. He has written all genres, naming from poetry, short stories, novels, memoirs, non-fictions and interviews (Urea, 2014). When he is writing The Devil’s Highway’ Luis Urea discusses the difficult journey that some twenty six men would undertake when crossing the southern Arizona desert from Mexico into the United States. It is a story of environmental extremes, greed, and humanity at its most depraved. Urea depicts the experiences of this group of men as they cross the deadliest region of the continent and suffer a great betrayal.

The author writes the book to tell the story of twenty-six determined men from Mexico, attempting to cross the border to America. He explains on their determination and hopes of attaining the “American dream” (Urea, The Devils Highway- A True Story, 2004). On the other side of the border are American men who are waiting to ensure that the twenty-six do not make it into the American side (Urea, 2014). In May of 2001, these men attempted to cross the border into the desert at southern Arizona. The route they used was among the most dangerous places called the Devil’s Highway.

Luis Alberta Easier tells the Story Of how of the twenty-six who crossed; only twelve came sack out. He gives a vivid description of the tales of these determined groups from both sides of the border. He expounds on why each of the sides was determined to conquer the others. The author focuses on the particular subjects and circumstances that led these people to make the decision to face death in the eye (Urea, 2014) risk their lives and venture on this path. Urea seems to focus on the assumption that most people appreciate that life is better in America than it is in Mexico (Urea, 2004).

The author expounds that harsh economic times and desperation may have driven the Mexicans into aging this life-threatening journey. The question Luis Alberta urea seems to ask at the beginning of the book is, is the desperation to follow the “American dream” enough to make people risk their lives? Alberta introduces the readers to the individual immigrants. He shares their dreams, aspirations, fears and motivations of life (Urea, 2004). At an early stage, he allows the reader to interact with the readers and know each of them in person.

He reaches out to Mexico and its roots. Through his eyes, the reader interacts with missionaries, explorers, human traffickers and smugglers who served else hope (Urea, 2004). The author seems to recreate the experiences of the immigrants, well enough to help the reader identify with the immigrants. Luis seems to attempt to enable the reader to relate with what must have motivated the immigrants to take the risk. He is determined to help the readers understand the risk the immigrants are taking.

The devils highway is a desert region near the US-Mexico border. The book begins with a description of the devil’s highway. He paints it as a dangerous place with a host of threats to life. These threats are both man-made and natural. Many army and air force operations have been carried out around the area and as a result, it is possible to often run into decomposing human bodies. All these, according to Luis have contributed to the name. Through their experiences, the people of this area have also become hostile.

They use their hostility as a defense mechanism. The American tribes around the area had a bad reputation among the Mexicans (Urea, 2004). This goes a long way to explain the brevity required on the part of the Mexicans to venture out. When these twenty six men get to the American side, they were in a delirious state from al the traveling, hot weather and locals’ hostility (Urea, 2004). Alberta goes on to give a narration of the conditions of life in the Mexican side. People keep getting poor, no matter how hard they work.

The cost of living has gone high and the price of commodities is also over the top (Urea, 2004). The people continuously afford less and life has become hard. Rampant disease and fast spreading violence has also become a problem. It is under these circumstances that the people approached one Don Mom Garcia, a recruiter of the northern coyotes. It is with him, that they plan their exit strategy, through he devils highway and hopefully into America (Urea, 2004). An average of fifteen hundred walkers leaves, Mexico in a day but only make it to near the devils highway.

In May Of 2001, the newspapers begin to report that a group of walkers, who were named, ‘the Weldon 26’ had managed to slip through border patrol and pass. It is at this point that the real problems for these twenty-six began. Fourteen of them, were declared date soon late. Luis Alberta Urea points out that the guides to the Weldon 26 did very little or nothing right at all. He alludes to the fact that this could have been one of the seasons they faced a lot of problems. Their leader was a nineteen year old who had his clients not died; he would have earned three hundred dollars for his job.

Luis states that that group had been the biggest the young Quadrangular boy had ever guided (Urea, 2004). Alberta points out that the sun,’ivory are branded heroes. The next problem they faced was the transportation of corpses, as it was really expensive. The process costs approximately twenty-five thousand dollars and judging from how the economy of Mexico was doing, that would have been quite unaffordable. The survivors are traumatized and Luis points to the fact that hey refuse to speak about the Yum 14, those who had died (Urea, 2004).

The strength of this book major lies in Lull’s ability to vividly tell a story. He takes the reader down memory lane and into a time and place where the story was happening. He intros cues the reader to the characters, giving the reader time to get to know each of them. I would recommend this book to anyone who needs perspective about this period in history as well as anyone who appreciates a good read. This is because it gives a lot of insight. This book would help anyone in ministry get perspective as well as understand owe those people functioned.

[Solved] the devils highway 2

The Devil’s Highway by Luis Alberto Urrea traces the journeys of twenty-six men traveling across the border through one of the most treacherous deserts known to man “The Devil’s Highway. ” The author’s purpose was to let the world be aware of the events going on all around, with the simple modes of persuasion (pathos, ethos, and logos) Urrea makes you consider what worlds, political and economic, have we created that push humans into impossible journeys? What borders have we imposed, both geopolitical and cultural, that separate human beings so completely?

The author’s narrative, ripe with horrifying descriptions, is nonetheless told with compassion appealing to the emotions of the audience in his argument. The greater part of the book follows these men on their unlucky journey through the desert, and how each one is drained of their money, water, hopes and dreams, and for some, life. The author uses compelling descriptions of imagery; the taste of urine, the sight of mummified corpses, and the anguish of losing one’s son are all strikingly portrayed.

The reader finds themselves horrified each time death reaches another victim of the Devil’s Highway, forcing you to think about the family waiting in Mexico dreaming of a better life. At the beginning of the book Urrea lists the possessions of the dead (“John Doe # 37: no effects, John Doe # 44: Mexican bills in back pocket, a letter in right front pocket, a brown wallet in left front pocket”) these specific details provided are emotional responses to give the readers every last detail of the man and his possessions.

Another technique Urrea uses that affects the audiences emotions is grammatical persons, Urrea often switches into second-person point-of-view so the reader imagines that he or she is going through the stages of hypothermia themselves. “Your muscles, lacking water, feed on themselves. They break down and start to rot. Once rotting in you, they dump rafts of dying cells into your already sludgy bloodstream. ” (PG 128) The audience struggles to read about another human going through this death, but to imagine going through it yourself is unbearable.

Ever since the character “Don Moi” was introduced in Urrea’s “The Devil’s Highway,” he was conveyed as a person of trust to the people paying him to take them across the border. He would make his “connections” and let the immigrants think they were in a safe situation. This just proves an “ethos” style in that it was in his character to abandon. He would get them so far, and then leave them there to either get caught or die. He had no intentions on keeping the traveler’s safe, and no morals on keeping them alive. He had their money, and that’s all that mattered.

The cruelty put on the immigrants by both their own, and the border patrol, from the distinction in Urrea’s voice throughout the readings. The descriptions used in “The Devil’s Highway”, which are sometimes so vivid and dramatic that reader is left wondering whether he may have been a walker in a past life, leave few details missing. The logos used in this book are through politics. Urrea makes clear that it’s Mexico’s blame for putting people on the “devil’s highway” through corruption and dense politics. But he also shows how misguided the United States policy has been.

The author describes the conditions and historic events that lead to the beginning of the illegal immigration into the United States and draws a clear parallelism with our times, when there are several tasks in the United States that Americans are reluctant to do, thus illegal immigrants are needed for this. Urrea discusses the political and economic side of crossing the border without giving blame leaving the main question up to the reader. In the final analysis, it becomes obvious that every person involved in the tragedy is exactly that – a human being. If anyone is to blame for the tragedy, we are all to blame.

It is in that sense that the ultimate finger of blame has to eventually point at the United States and Mexican governments. Their efforts to end the dilemma could be considered ridiculous, if not so disastrous: from the Mexican side there are signs telling walkers not to walk, and on the U. S. side there are preventive walls and fences that discourage them from crossing where it might actually be safe to do so. In order to make the passage, the immigrants are forced to traverse a hostile desert. Yet, as Urrea so successfully demonstrates, the two countries are in truth extraordinarily codependent.

[Solved] the diamond neckless

“The Diamond Neckless” is a story written with the intent of the combination of greed,vanity,forbidden desire and wealth. It was written by a famous writer named Guy De Maupassant. Throughout the story, it talked about a woman named Mathilde. She was very charming and beautiful woman who thought that she must have been born into the wrong life, since she had no way of getting known and married by a rich man. Instead she married a clerk in the ministry of education and lived a middle class life.

Her husband Loisel noticed that his wife was not happy, and with love and good intent he brought home an invitation to a party which was exclusive to the affluent society. Loisel did not get the reaction he hope to get. Instead she was bitter and began to complain that she had nothing to wear. Loisel without second thought he gave her the money that he had save to purchase a gun. She began to complain that she needs jewelry. Her husband suggested borrowing one from her wealthy friend Mrs. Forrestier. She was finally contented and the couple went to the party. Mathilde had the time of her life.

She interacted with the people of the upper class and felt just like them. She was the center of attraction. She received numerous amount of comments on the neckless and her beauty. It was like a Cinderella story. The evening came to an end, and she was brought back to reality. Mathilde realized that she had lost the neckless. And the nightmare began. Her husband went out that early morning looking for the neckless and returned home disappointed and worried. He then suggested that she should not tell her friend just yet; instead, try finding one exactly the same. He gave up his inheritance and borrowed money to replace the neckless.

[Solved] the defiance of fear essay essay

Courage shows itself in many different forms. From standing up for what you believe in, to surviving near tragedy, to putting yourself on the line for someone else.

The mentality to act and disregard for fear are simply triggers symbolizing judgements that lay ahead. Overcoming fear is courageous in itself. But creating in yourself a mental and moral strength to venture, persevere, and withstand fear marks the righteous among all. Courage is not only a dismissal of fear but is the individual merit that something else is more important than the fear which confronts us.

A life lived in fear is a life of utter confinement. While a life of courage is one which endures opportunity and choice. Courage is the determination to make the best of whatever circumstances you find yourself in, regardless of cost. More often than not that cost is not cheap.

Courage is a necessary component for living a life without regrets. It takes courage to make the right moral and ethical choices which confront us daily. Courage, acted out in our lives, watches out for the oppressed, speaks up for the weak, takes a stand against injustice and immorality.And does so at our own expense.

But the courage to take a stand against what is popular and easy, when required, is the key to enduring pride in one’s integrity. Identification of courage is part of an individual perception and, Recognition of righteous gentiles is based upon many facets of criteria. Courage is one of the virtues necessary for all moral demeanor. had firmness of mind and it was a common emotion perceived by actions.

With boldness, confidence, wisdom, and integrity.Disregard for consequences and punishment all concern that he was not an average person. Not everyone in the world has the capability to be courageous. Courage cannot be something you decide you will be.

It comes with an immense amount of territory and responsibility. One cannot endanger others while trying to save another and consider the impact it may have. Courage means “heart. ” People say that certain things add up to courage but are there really implemented guidelines that state whether one person is more courageous than another.

It is not to be found in one great, heroic act, but in day-to-day actions that come from the heart and from the willingness to take the path of heart. Courage can be cultivated and developed. It is all a matter of discovering what is most vital and enlivening. The only way to distinguish courage amounts to the people it affected and whether or not it was positive.

Regardless of any one opinion, there will always be the opposing side. The opportunity to change should not be measured on its outcome or the recognition it could possibly receive.

[Solved] the declaration of sentiments

The Declaration of Sentiments

            Women in the year of 1890’s to include those who have lived before the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments of the Seneca Falls have experienced the tyrannous tenet of men that have kept them from being who they really are and what their purpose on earth really is. Women during that time had kept their silence. On 1840, women stood their ground through the Declaration of the Rights and Sentiments. They have placed a halt to the limped system and began to voice out their outlook and made known to everybody that every woman has a right far more than to those who subsist that limit them of what they really deserve. This brought the women’s power to verbalize what they need, how they have construed the abuses that men gave them and the non-service of equal rights that established an efficient mechanism to influence the men and the government to develop the activity of women in the society.

            The primary author of the Declaration of Sentiments Elizabeth Cady Stanton articulates her nuisance about domestic sphere in one part of the document

“As the nations of the earth emerge from a state of barbarism, the sphere of a woman gradually becomes wider, but not even under what is thought to be the full blaze of the sun of civilization, is it what God designed it to be. (6)

The non-broadened sphere, as she discusses, is noticeable in the tradition where “man assumes the responsibility of making out a path for [woman] to thread”, where woman is “incapable of saying what laws to govern her”, and where man “regard her as inferior to himself” (6). The term domestic sphere is not clearly explained in the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments. However, readings surmised that it is a traditional position of the woman in a family, where her rights are always limited as dictated by her superior, the man, and which prevents her from any responsibilities and socio-political rights. Domestic sphere in a simpler note is a woman’s social status wherein she is restricted to do various activities. She is merely competent for family and home functions though beyond the sphere is a vast socio-political environment to which she has no right or any privileges to join and participate.

The author provided objective evidences that reflect the happenings behind the certainty of women contained in the domestic sphere. The women’s rights and social relevance is not respected as well.

“History of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the past of man toward woman” (4)

Unfortunately women of that era had no right for conjugal properties or any right to property in a family. This is supported in one part of the document. “Even to the wages she earns” and was not acknowledged unless when she had possessions as a single that can be beneficial to the government (4). More rights are prearranged for men to include the power over granting her chastisement and liberty, manipulate their divorce’s terms and dictate or order her actions (5). Women are also not allowed to attend church and school to have her education that is why colleges during that time accept no women.

Instances of disrespect, maltreatments and dishonor to the women’s worth are apparent and endured by many. These experiences had brought so much suffering to women, which do not have the voice to speak and heart to breadth out their grievances and sorrows. When women started establishing their feet on the ground, the Declaration of Sentiments aired out what is appropriate for both men and women who ought to have equal rights.

The women before the Declaration of Rights and Sentiments have long undergone sufferings because of their limitation in the domestic sphere. They were denied of their rights, privileges and benefits to include being treated very lowly. Devoid of a voice to complain and speak out, no grievances were noticed.

Nevertheless, the birth and courage of woman like Elizabeth Stanton and the authors of the Seneca Falls Declaration of Rights and Sentiments, women realized that it was time to let all those opinions and sentiments be presented or expressed out to the public. This made men and government to realize, through speech, deed, and writing, that now they will not endure and strive for another day of those sufferings. They reflected that they want their God-given rights provided, respected and served accordingly. Their voices were heard and their presence was known to the public. They have offered their case and provided evidences as to their assertions. They were very lucid with their message and they wedged with their words: we feel neglected and we want transformation!

As a consequence, it is with these initiative and bravery that women were brought, at last, at equivalent position as what men enjoy in the society. It is with their articulation and expression of their gratitude for the unseemly experiences by women in an era with “male preeminence” thinking that they have expanded their audience of men to include the government and have them take action against injustice. It was an apparent demonstration of how far it will go if women were cultured to stand up and speak up for their betterment. It is evident that women’s will to fight abuses towards them by men and non-service of equal rights was a successful approach to influence the government and men to augment the adequate doings of women ahead of the domestic sphere.

Works Cited

Women’s Rights Convention, “Seneca Falls: The Declaration of Sentiments”, New York, Modern History Sourcebook (1848)

 

[Solved] the devils arithmetic an thematic analysis

The Devil’s Arithmetic: An Thematic Analysis

The Devil’s Arithmetic is a film filled with themes of the importance and necessity of memory, love, and redemption.  Hannah, the protagonist of the film initially is very irritated when her grandparents speak of the war and the Nazi party.  She does not, at the onset, believe that there is an importance in remembering the history of the atrocities of the Jewish people during the Holocaust. Through a supernatural twist of fate, however, Hannah learns of the importance of remembering history through her being forced to live it.  These events, too, teach her how to love both herself and her culture and through these acts of love and learning she is redeemed.  Although, she is a young girl, this redemption is important as her grandparents are quite elderly and she can understand them and love them for the short time she has left with them.  Therefore, the themes of the importance of memory, love, and redemption will be explored here.

When Hannah goes back in time, she is part of a new family, who become bombarded by the Nazi party and subjected to their cruelty.  Hannah befriends her cousin, Rivka and is taught by her how to hold her held up high, despite the atrocities around them.  Hannah wants to fight, but Rivka tells her that she is being heroic just by living everyday and loving herself, no matter how much the Nazis hate her.  Hannah sees the deaths of others and learns to appreciate how important love is when so many of the people around her lose some if not all their loved ones.  In an attempt to save her cousin Rivka, Hannah volunteers to go to the gas chamber in her place and when she is taken back to the present time, she realizes that the family she had in Germany was her real family in their younger days.  This makes her love and appreciate her family even more.

Just as Hannah learns to love her family and her history even more after her time travel, she learns to appreciate remembering.  As soon as she returns from the horrible experience of the concentration camp, she listens much more intently to her grandparents stories.  The theme of remembering becomes important too, because it is possible that if a similar type event were to happen now, if no one remembered that it had happened before, they would not believe it.  When Hannah realizes that she has been taken back in time, she tries to warn everyone of the horrible things that will happen, but no one listens to her.  This is a very powerful moment in the film and reminds us that we must never forget, ourselves, and we must tell others about the Holocaust too.

Finally, through the memories of the back that Hannah is forced to encounter and the love she becomes to appreciate more, Hannah becomes redeemed.  The act of saving Rivka, actually is found to be the act of Hannah saving her own grandmother, as Rivka was her grandmother’s name before she changed it.  This final act of sacrifice and redemption is the last thing Hannah experiences before she is taken back to the present time.  Through both this act and the act of knowing about her family’s past and loving them more for it, this young girl is redeemed.

In conclusion, this is a very moving and memorable movie, full of the themes of the importance of memory, love, and redemption.  The powerful images and the atrocities of the Holocaust make remembering this event as important to the main character, Hannah, as it is for the audience.  Her gift of being able to love her family and appreciate them more makes the audience, similarly, want to care more for their elders and to ask questions about their history too.  We, like Hannah, can all redeem ourselves by asking these questions of our family and sharing these important stories of history to all, so they are not forgotten.