[Solved] causes and symptoms of brain aneurysm

Causes and Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm

Ferrer Psych 101 Michelle Vallie Causes and Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm “An estimated 6 million people in the United States have an unruptured brain aneurysm, or 1 in 50 people” (Brain Aneurysm Foundation 2011). First of all, what is Brain Aneurysm? A brain (cerebral) aneurysm is a bulging, weak area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain. In most cases, a brain aneurysm causes no symptoms and goes unnoticed. In rare cases, the brain aneurysm ruptures, releasing blood into the skull and causing a “stroke” (Webmd staff 2011).

When a brain aneurysm ruptures, the result is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Depending on the severity of the hemorrhage, brain damage or death may result. The most common location for brain aneurysms is in the network of blood vessels at the base of the brain called the “circle of Willis. ” I think the basic idea here is that what happens in brain aneurysm is that a weak spot develops in the blood vessel which causes blood rupture. I’m really interested in this topic because I’m taking Human Biology right now and my instructor just finished discussing to us what a brain aneurysm is.

Well, I think we all have an idea of what a brain aneurysm is so let’s get to the causes and symptoms of Brain Aneurysm. A person may inherit the tendency to form aneurysms, or aneurysms may develop because of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and aging. Some risk factors that can lead to brain aneurysms can be controlled, and others can’t. The following risk factors may increase your risk of developing an aneurysm or, if you already have an aneurysm, may increase your risk of rupturing it. First is gender, women are likely to develop a brain aneurysm or to suffer a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Another factor is family history; People who have a family history of brain aneurysms are more likely to have an aneurysm than those who don’t. Next is hypertension, The risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage is greater in people with a history of high blood pressure or also known as hypertension. The last factor that I found that actually surprised me is race; African Americans are more likely than whites to have a subarachnoid hemorrhage. I guess race can actually affect the acquisition rate of a disorder or disease which is very surprising for me.

We have gone through the causes of brain aneurysm. So what are left are the symptoms of Brain Aneurysm. As we all know, symptoms are very important to take regard of because they are the things to watch for in order that we can hastily react upon a disease or disorder. From what I found, most brain aneurysms cause no symptoms and may only be discovered during tests for another, usually unrelated, condition. In other cases, an unruptured aneurysm will cause problems by pressing on areas in the brain.

When this happens, the person may suffer from severe headaches, blurred vision, changes in speech, and neck pain, depending on what areas of the brain are affected and how bad the aneurysm is. Since brain aneurysm often does not cause any symptoms, many are discovered in people who are being treated for a different condition. A CT-scan could definitely help identify bleeding in the brain. Sometimes a lumbar puncture may be used if your doctor suspects that you have a ruptured cerebral aneurysm with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. In conclusion, Brain aneurysm is really hard to detect since the symptoms aren’t really there.

So if you experience even a slight headache or dizziness in a regular basis, I think it is best to have a quick check up from a doctor. Also, what people don’t realize is that having regular checkups are really important since there are cases like this where symptoms don’t really show till you have it already. References: 1. Webmd, S. (2011, January 07). Brain aneurysm – topic overview. Retrieved from http://www. webmd. com/brain/tc/brain-anurysm-topic-overview. 2. Brain Aneurysm FOundation Staff. (2011). Understanding: Brain aneurysm statistics and facts. Retrieved from http://www. bafound. org/node/124

[Solved] brain and behavior

The cerebral cortex outer layer of the cerebrum has the two largest hemispheres that covers the upper part of the brain which are divided into smaller portion called lobes. Corticalization is an increase in size of the wrinkling of the cortex and without this we would not be any smarter than any other animal. Cerebral hemispheres are divided into right and left halves of the cortex connected by thick band axon fibers called corpus. Hemispheric specialization, testing only one side of the brain by a process called the Split Brain operation, which is essentially a person with two brains in one body.

The corpus callosum is cut, to control severe epilepsy (seizure disorder), but this operation is rare and is often used as a last resort. One brain two sides; the left brain analysis breaking information into parts and about 95% of people use the left brain to speak, write, and understand. This includes, time sense movements and rhythm. The right side of the brain processes information by using nonverbal responses such as, pointing at objects, simple language comprehension, recognition of pattern and most of all recognizing and expressing of emotion.

Lobes of the cerebral Cortex are larger fissures on the surface of the cortex. The Frontal lobes which is also known as the primary motor which is a very small portion of the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex is responsible for reasoning planning, mental abilities, sense of self and motor control. This area contains mirror neurons, which becomes active when you observed some else and then you carried out the same action. The association areas which surrounds the cerebral combines and processes information.

Other areas in the association control higher abilities such as language, when the brain fails to function properly it might have damage to the association in the left area hemisphere and may suffer aphasia, an impaired ability to use language. Broca’s Area is a type of aphasia related to language and speech production. Once Broca’s Area has been damaged, a person knows what she/he wants to say but cannot say the words. Wernicke’s area is also an area in the brain related to language comprehension, which is located in the temporal Lobes. Once this area is damaged, the person has problems with meanings of words, NOT pronunciation.

The temporal lobe is a region of the cerebral cortex that is located beneath the lateral fissure on both cerebral hemispheres of the brain. The temporal lobes are involved in the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, comprehending language, storing new memories, emotion, and deriving meaning. The Parietal Lobes is located on top of the brain. Also known as primary somatosensory cortex. The function includes processing information relating to the sense of touch, temperature and pressure. The occipital lobes register vision to the brain. You might ask, “Are men and women Brains different? ” The answer is yes.

The part of the brain responsible for regulating sexual behavior, is bigger and more active in men than it is in women. Portions of the corpus callosum are denser in women than in men, indicating that women integrate more information coming from both sides of the brain. Activity in both hemispheres during language processing is more observed among women than among men. However, both genders performed equally on the same task such as sounding out words while reading. Perhaps nature has given the brain different routes to the same ability. Brain tissue loss happens earlier and in greater quantity in men than in women.

Men lose neurons mainly in the cerebral cortex, particularly the frontal and temporal lobes, while women lose brain tissues primarily in the parietal lobe and the hippocampus. According to brain imaging techniques, the parietal lobe, an area of the cerebral cortex, is larger and more active in men than in women. In fine motor activities, such as sewing, drawing, painting and writing, women perform better. The linguistic and objective memories of women are also better. The subcortex, right underneath the cerebral, controls hunger, thirst, sleep, attention, sex, breathing and many other vital functions.

The subcortex can be divided into brainstem, midbrain, and the forebrain. The hindbrain or brain stem consists of three parts. The first is the medulla, which is actually an extension of the spinal cord into the skull. Besides containing tracts up and down to and from the higher portions of the brain, the medulla also contains some of the essential nuclei that govern respiration and heart rate. It is the regulatory system for sleep, waking, and alertness. The second part is the pons, which sits in front of the medulla, and wraps around it to the back.

It is primarily the pathways connecting the two halves of the next part, which is called the cerebellum. The cerebellum, which means “little brain” it is primarily responsible for coordinating involuntary movement. It is believed that, when you learn complex motor tasks, the details are recorded in the cerebellum. In human beings, the midbrain is the smallest part of the brain. It connects the hindbrain to the forebrain, and contains several pathways that link to hearing and vision. The largest and most interesting part of the brain is the forebrain. It starts with the thalamus, which is located in the center of your head.

Sensory messages pass through the thalamus before reaching the cortex. If this part of the brain is damaged, it can result to loss of all sense besides smell. The limbic system is a complex set of brain structures that lies on both sides of the thalamus, right under the cerebrum. It includes the hippocampus, amygdalae, limbic cortex and reticular activating system. It supports a variety of functions, including emotion, behavior, motivation and long term memory. It’s primarily responsible for our emotional life, and has a great deal to do with the formation of memories.

The endocrine system is a collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate your body’s growth, metabolism, and sexual function. The hormones are released into the bloodstream and transported to tissues and organs throughout your body. Adrenal glands release two hormones which are epinephrine and norepinephrine. Epinephrine arouses the body with fear and norepinephrine triggers anger. The Hypothalamus is actively controls the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary body functions, the hormonal system, and many body functions, such as regulating sleep and stimulating appetite.

Ovaries and testicles secrete hormones that influence female and male characteristics, respectively. The Pancreas secretes a hormone (insulin) that controls the use of glucose by the body. Parathyroid glands a hormone that maintains the calcium level in the blood. Pineal body glands involves with daily biological cycles. Pituitary gland produces a number of different hormones that influence various other endocrine glands, and thyroid gland produces hormones that stimulate body heat production, bone growth, and the body’s metabolism.

[Solved] the whipping boy by richard gibney essay 6757 essay

The Civil War embossed America from 1861 to 1865 and merely Americans participated in the war. The whole issue of bondage started the war ; some were against it. while others were in favour of it. The war was chiefly between the Southern States. who had slaves. and the Northern States. who had abolished bondage. “The Floging Boy” from 2011 by Richard Gibney is a short narrative about three slaves in the Civil War. and the twenty-four hours they are told that they are free human existences.

The narrative is about three slaves ; Martha. Mikey and Tommy life in the Southern States in about 1861 to 1865. where bondage wasn’t illegal yet. All three slaves had ne’er done anything besides being slaves for Mr. Gage. old Mrs. Gage and the boy Sterling at their farm. where most of the narrative takes topographic point. Mikey and Martha seems to be hubby and married woman. while Tommy is the brother of Mikey. Mikey and the slaves’ “owner” . Greatest Pot. used to be friends when they were younger. but that was ruined. Why they aren’t friends any longer is explained in the undermentioned “ ( … ) Sterling thought nil of faulting Mikey. and Sterling’s male parent whipped Mikey with a badness the eight-year-old ne’er forgot. ” ( p. 2 Ll. 49-51 ) Mikey feels betrayed because Sterling was supposed to be his friend. but when Sterling pilfered some sugar and his male parent found out. he merely blamed Mikey. Through these actions you can state that Mikey becomes a “whipping boy” . which is an look for a individual who takes the incrimination for something he or she didn’t do. In other words Mikey becomes a whipping boy. which could be mentioning to the rubric of the short narrative.

As it said in the citation. Mikey will ne’er bury the treachery. and he wants his retaliation. which he is given the chance to acquire. when the slaves become free. Besides being the married woman of Mikey. Martha makes certain that old Mrs. Gage. who are acquiring more ill for every individual twenty-four hours. are kept alive by doing her nutrient etc. When the male child delivers the intelligence about the freedom of the slaves. Martha doesn’t believe him because “he was excessively immature and underqualified to confabulate freedom upon anyone” ( p. 1 L. 10 ) . She is a bit disbelieving contrary the brothers. who wanted to utilize their new freedom to kill Sterling. However. they don’t kill him. but they are “just” floging him. until Martha demands them to halt.

Possibly she does this because of what Sterling’s female parent said to Martha before on. The old Mrs. Gage told her “Only you can salvage my boy. ” ( p. 2 L. 58 ) . which kind of gives Martha the power to make up one’s mind the fate of Sterling. You can state that the whip becomes a symbol of power. The power belongs to the adult male who holds the whip. When Mikey and Sterling were childs. it was Mr. Gage who was powerful. and he was the 1 with the whip. As clip went by the whip and the power were “passed on” to Sterling. and when the slaves become free. the functions are exchanging and it becomes Mikey’s clip to take the power and to flog Sterling.

The rubric of the short narrative does besides bode the tanning of Mikey as a child. where he took the incrimination for stealing the sugar. which. in world. Greatest stole. Furthermore the mentioning of Mikey being whipped could be a prefiguration of Sterling being whipped. when he loses his slaves. Already in the 2nd line of the short narrative a slaying of two Canis familiariss ; Rex and Sheperd Gage there is mentioned. It is described in inside informations how the violent deaths were carried out. This happens really sudden. and creates a really barbarous atmosphere already from the beginning of the narrative.

The lone ground for the violent deaths. the reader is informed. is that “the slaves treated the Canis familiariss be er in decease than the Canis familiariss had treated the slaves in life” ( p. 1 Ll. 6-7 ) . The Canis familiariss must hence hold been handling the slaves really severely. but it is someway difficult to conceive of. how a Canis familiaris can handle a human worse than the barbarous slaying. Nevertheless. the killing plants as a prefiguration of the violent death of the slaves at the terminal of the short narrative. The boding gives a intimation to farther events in the text. and it besides creates suspense and somehow the reader knows. that something bad is traveling to go on.

Some of import subjects in this narrative are war. bondage and freedom. The three slaves are populating at the same clip as the civil war from 1861 to 1865. where the issue of bondage was the chief ground for the war. The slaves are set free. but they don’t acquire to bask it for a long clip. because they are viciously killed on their manner up North by a group of Confederate soldiers. In extension of this. a subject could besides be power. The individual who has the most power alterations throughout the narrative. as the whip is a symbol of. Mikey wants to take retaliation for being Sterling’s whipping boy. when they where younger.

When it’s declared that the slaves are free. he becomes able to take this retaliation. which he does. by floging Sterling repeatedly. This emphasize that retaliation is a subject in this narrative every bit good. “ ( … ) She pulled off. embarrassed at his lewd behaviour in forepart of a white boy“ ( p. 1 Ll. 30-31 ) This citation shows the difference between races at that clip in America. The black has to move “well-behaved” and nice around white people. because the white have a higher rank in the society and they have more power than slaves/white.

Mikey. Martha and Tommy are all slaves for Sterling at the same clip as the civil war in America from 1861 to 1865 is traveling on. The three slaves become free. and one of the first thing Mikey do. is taking retaliation by floging Sterling. The two Canis familiariss are killed at the beginning of the narrative. which foreshadows the violent death of the slaves at the terminal. Thereby this is a narrative about war. bondage. power. retaliation and freedom.

[Solved] 8 ways to train your brain to learn faster

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8 Ways to Train Your Brain to Learn Faster and Remember More SEPTEMBER 16 BY MARIA BRILAKI IN PRODUCTIVITY | 632 SHARES Ads by Google
Fun Brain Test Games
Test and Improve your Brain With Scientifically Designed Exerciseswww.lumosity.com

Train-The-Trainer
Workshop training materials to teach Train-The-Trainer skills.CorporateTrainingMaterials.com You go to the gym to train your muscles. You run outside or go for hikes to train your endurance. Or, maybe you do neither of those, but still wish you exercised more. Well, here is how to train one of the most important parts of your body: your brain. When you train your brain, you will:

Avoid embarrassing situations: you remember his face, but what was his name? Be a faster learner in all sorts of different skills: hello promotion, here I come! Avoid diseases that hit as you get older: no, thanks Alzheimer’s; you and I are not just a good fit. So how do you train your brain to learn faster and remember more? More Lifehacks: Why the Microwave Mentality Doesn’t Work

1. Work your memory.
Twyla Tharp, a NYC-based renowned choreographer has come up with the following memory workout: when she watches one of her performances, she tries to remember the first twelve to fourteen corrections she wants to discuss with her cast without writing them down. If you think this is anything less than a feat, then think again. In her book The Creative Habit she says that most people cannot remember more than three. The
practice of both remembering events or things and then discussing them with others has actually been supported by brain fitness studies. Memory activities that engage all levels of brain operation—receiving, remembering and thinking—help to improve the function of the brain. Now, you may not have dancers to correct, but you may be required to give feedback on a presentation, or your friends may ask you what interesting things you saw at the museum. These are great opportunities to practically train your brain by flexing your memory muscles. What is the simplest way to help yourself remember what you see? Repetition. For example, say you just met someone new.

“Hi, my name is George”
Don’t just respond with, “Nice to meet you”. Instead, say, “Nice to meet youGeorge.” Got it? Good. See Also: How Meditation Can Boost Your Brainpower
2. Do something different repeatedly.

By actually doing something new over and over again, your brain wires new pathways that help you do this new thing better and faster. Think back to when you were three years old. You surely were strong enough to hold a knife and a fork just fine. Yet, when you were eating all by yourself, you were creating a mess. It was not a matter of strength, you see. It was a matter of cultivating more and better neural pathways that would help you eat by yourself just like an adult does. And guess what? With enough repetition you made that happen! But how does this apply to your life right now?

Say you are a procrastinator. The more you don’t procrastinate, the more you teach your brain not to wait for the last minute to make things happen. Now, you might be thinking “Duh, if only not procrastinating could be that easy!” Well, it can be. By doing something really small, that you wouldn’t normally do, but is in the direction of getting that task done, you will start creating those new precious neural pathways. So if you have been postponing organizing your desk, just take one paper and put in its right place. Or, you can go even smaller. Look at one piece of paper and decide where to put it: Trash? Right cabinet? Another room? Give it to someone? You don’t actually need to clean up that paper; you only need to decide what you need to do with it. That’s how small you can start. And yet, those neural pathways are still being built. Gradually, you will transform yourself from
a procrastinator to an in-the-moment action taker. 3. Learn something new.

It might sound obvious, but the more you use your brain, the better its going to perform for you. For example, learning a new instrument improves your skill of translating something you see (sheet music) to something you actually do (playing the instrument). Learning a new language exposes your brain to a different way of thinking, a different way of expressing yourself. You can even literally take it a step further, and learn how to dance. Studies indicate that learning to dance helps seniors avoid Alzheimer’s. Not bad, huh? 4. Follow a brain training program.

The Internet world can help you improve your brain function while lazily sitting on your couch. A clinically proven program like BrainHQ can help you improve your memory, or think faster, by just following their brain training exercises. 5. Work your body.

You knew this one was coming didn’t you? Yes indeed, exercise does not just work your body; it also improves the fitness of your brain. Even briefly exercising for 20 minutes facilitates information processing and memory functions. But it’s not just that–exercise actually helps your brain create those new neural connections faster. You will learn faster, your alertness level will increase, and you get all that by moving your body. Now, if you are not already a regular exerciser, and already feel guilty that you are not helping your brain by exercising more, try a brain training exercise program like Exercise Bliss. Remember, just like we discussed in #2, by training your brain to do something new repeatedly, you are actually changing yourself permanently. 6. Spend time with your loved ones.

If you want optimal cognitive abilities, then you’ve got to have meaningfulrelationships in your life. Talking with others and engaging with your loved ones helps you think more clearly, and it can also lift your mood. If you are an extrovert, this holds even more weight for you. At a class at Stanford University, I learned that extroverts actually use talking to other people as a way to understand and process their own thoughts. I remember that the teacher told us that after a personality test said she was
an extrovert, she was surprised. She had always thought of herself as an introvert. But then, she realized how much talking to others helped her frame her own thoughts, so she accepted her new-found status as an extrovert. 7. Avoid crossword puzzles.

Many of us, when we think of brain fitness, think of crossword puzzles. And it’s true–crossword puzzles do improve our fluency, yet studies show they are not enough by themselves. Are they fun? Yes. Do they sharpen your brain? Not really. Of course, if you are doing this for fun, then by all means go ahead. If you are doing it for brain fitness, then you might want to choose another activity 8. Eat right–and make sure dark chocolate is included.

Foods like fish, fruits, and vegetables help your brain perform optimally. Yet, you might not know that dark chocolate gives your brain a good boost as well. When you eat chocolate, your brain produces dopamine. And dopamine helps you learn faster and remember better. Not to mention, chocolate contains flavonols, antioxidants, which also improve your brain functions. So next time you have something difficult to do, make sure you grab a bite or two of dark chocolate! Now that you know how to train your brain, it’s actually time to start doing. Don’t just consume this content and then go on with your life as if nothing has changed. Put this knowledge into action and become smarter than ever! So devote 30 seconds and tell me in the comments: what are you going to do in the next three days to give your brain a boost? Start to make full and good use of your brain! How to Organize Your Brain for Better Productivity Featured photo credit: young man with laptop has an idea via Shutterstock

Maria Brilaki

Maria is a Stanford Engineering and an MBA graduate. She helps people create habits that stick not just for a month or two but for years and decades to come through her site, Fitness Reloaded, and her book “Surprisingly…Unstuck”. Want to make exercise a daily habit? Join the Exercise Bliss 5 minutes a day – 5 days a week, bootcamp.

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8 Ways to Train Your Brain to Learn Faster and Remember More SEPTEMBER 16 BY MARIA BRILAKI IN PRODUCTIVITY | 632 SHARES Ads by Google
Fun Brain Test Games
Test and Improve your Brain With Scientifically Designed
Exerciseswww.lumosity.com

Train-The-Trainer
Workshop training materials to teach Train-The-Trainer skills.CorporateTrainingMaterials.com You go to the gym to train your muscles. You run outside or go for hikes to train your endurance. Or, maybe you do neither of those, but still wish you exercised more. Well, here is how to train one of the most important parts of your body: your brain. When you train your brain, you will:

Avoid embarrassing situations: you remember his face, but what was his name? Be a faster learner in all sorts of different skills: hello promotion, here I come! Avoid diseases that hit as you get older: no, thanks Alzheimer’s; you and I are not just a good fit. So how do you train your brain to learn faster and remember more? More Lifehacks: Why the Microwave Mentality Doesn’t Work

1. Work your memory.
Twyla Tharp, a NYC-based renowned choreographer has come up with the following memory workout: when she watches one of her performances, she tries to remember the first twelve to fourteen corrections she wants to discuss with her cast without writing them down. If you think this is anything less than a feat, then think again. In her book The Creative Habit she says that most people cannot remember more than three. The practice of both remembering events or things and then discussing them with others has actually been supported by brain fitness studies. Memory activities that engage all levels of brain operation—receiving, remembering and thinking—help to improve the function of the brain. Now, you may not have dancers to correct, but you may be required to give feedback on a presentation, or your friends may ask you what interesting things you saw at the museum. These are great opportunities to practically train your brain by flexing your memory muscles. What is the simplest way to help yourself remember what you see? Repetition. For example, say you just met someone new.

“Hi, my name is George”
Don’t just respond with, “Nice to meet you”. Instead, say, “Nice to meet youGeorge.” Got it? Good. See Also: How Meditation Can Boost Your Brainpower
2. Do something different repeatedly.

By actually doing something new over and over again, your brain wires new pathways that help you do this new thing better and faster. Think back to when you were three years old. You surely were strong enough to hold a knife and a fork just fine. Yet, when you were eating all by yourself, you were creating a mess. It was not a matter of strength, you see. It was a matter of cultivating more and better neural pathways that would help you eat by yourself just like an adult does. And guess what? With enough repetition you made that happen! But how does this apply to your life right now?

Say you are a procrastinator. The more you don’t procrastinate, the more you teach your brain not to wait for the last minute to make things happen. Now, you might be thinking “Duh, if only not procrastinating could be that easy!” Well, it can be. By doing something really small, that you wouldn’t normally do, but is in the direction of getting that task done, you will start creating those new precious neural pathways. So if you have been postponing organizing your desk, just take one paper and put in its right place. Or, you can go even smaller.

Look at one piece of paper and decide where to put it: Trash? Right cabinet? Another room? Give it to someone? You don’t actually need to clean up that paper; you only need to decide what you need to do with it. That’s how small you can start. And yet, those neural pathways are still being built. Gradually, you will transform yourself from a procrastinator to an in-the-moment action taker. 3. Learn something new.

It might sound obvious, but the more you use your brain, the better its going to perform for you. For example, learning a new instrument improves your skill of translating something you see (sheet music) to something you actually do (playing the instrument). Learning a new language exposes your brain to a different way of thinking, a different way of expressing yourself. You can even literally take it a step further, and learn how to dance. Studies indicate that learning to dance helps seniors avoid Alzheimer’s. Not bad, huh? 4. Follow a brain training program.

The Internet world can help you improve your brain function while lazily sitting on your couch. A clinically proven program like BrainHQ can help you improve your memory, or think faster, by just following their brain training exercises. 5. Work your body.

You knew this one was coming didn’t you? Yes indeed, exercise does not just work your body; it also improves the fitness of your brain. Even briefly exercising for 20 minutes facilitates information processing and memory functions. But it’s not just that–exercise actually helps your brain create those new neural connections faster. You will learn faster, your alertness level will increase, and you get all that by moving your body. Now, if you are not already a regular exerciser, and already feel guilty that you are not helping your brain by exercising more, try a brain training exercise program like Exercise Bliss. Remember, just like we discussed in #2, by training your brain to do something new repeatedly, you are actually changing yourself permanently. 6. Spend time with your loved ones.

If you want optimal cognitive abilities, then you’ve got to have meaningfulrelationships in your life. Talking with others and engaging with your loved ones helps you think more clearly, and it can also lift your mood. If you are an extrovert, this holds even more weight for you. At a class at Stanford University, I learned that extroverts actually use talking to other people as a way to understand and process their own thoughts. I remember that the teacher told us that after a personality test said she was an extrovert, she was surprised. She had always thought of herself as an introvert. But then, she realized how much talking to others helped her frame her own thoughts, so she accepted her new-found status as an extrovert. 7. Avoid crossword puzzles.

Many of us, when we think of brain fitness, think of crossword puzzles. And it’s true–crossword puzzles do improve our fluency, yet studies show they are not enough by themselves. Are they fun? Yes. Do they sharpen your brain? Not really. Of course, if you are doing this for fun, then by all means go ahead. If you are doing it for brain fitness, then you might want to choose another activity 8. Eat right–and make sure dark chocolate is included.

Foods like fish, fruits, and vegetables help your brain perform optimally. Yet, you might not know that dark chocolate gives your brain a good boost as well. When you eat chocolate, your brain produces dopamine. And dopamine helps you learn faster and remember better. Not to mention, chocolate contains flavonols, antioxidants, which also improve your brain functions. So next time you have something difficult to do, make sure you grab a bite or two of dark chocolate! Now that you know how to train your brain, it’s actually time to start doing. Don’t just consume this content and then go on with your life as if nothing has changed. Put this knowledge into action and become smarter than ever! So devote 30 seconds and tell me in the comments: what are you going to do in the next three days to give your brain a boost? Start to make full and good use of your brain! How to Organize Your Brain for Better Productivity Featured photo credit: young man with laptop has an idea via Shutterstock

Maria Brilaki

Maria is a Stanford Engineering and an MBA graduate. She helps people create habits that stick not just for a month or two but for years and decades to come through her site, Fitness Reloaded, and her book “Surprisingly…Unstuck”. Want to make exercise a daily habit? Join the Exercise Bliss 5 minutes a day – 5 days a week, bootcamp.

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[Solved] things fall apart essay 4 essay

However his fears motivate him to take actions that are often unnecessary and ultimately destructive. His fear of failure and weakness leads him to assist in the murder of Snakeskin whom he loved, to beat his wives, be emotionally distant from his children, disown his own son and ultimately commit suicide. Ironically, after all his efforts not to end up like his father, Awoken is rejected in death by his culture just as his father was. Ginkgo’s drive to compensate for his fathers failures, leave him with the inability to respect his own cultures desire for gendered balance.

His hyper masculinity sets him up for an inevitable clash with the Gobo ideal of balance between feminine and masculine qualities. Derek Wright notes that “Ginkgo’s impetuous, aggressive individualism and the belief behind it-?that he must wipe out his fathers memory by succeeding in everything his father failed at-?are out of harmony with a society which is renowned for its talent for social compromise and which judges a man according to his worth, not that of his father” (1990, cited in Owes-Name 1999: 151).

Ginkgo’s imbalance of the feminine and masculine ideal leads him to lack social compromise when his community is engaging in the more feminine practices such as relaxation and celebration. During the Week of Peace Awoken severely beats his wife Gouge as a punishment. “In his anger he had forgotten that it was the Week of Peace”(21). Again during the Feast of the New Yam, an occasion for joy throughout Muffin. ” Awoken beats and even tries to shoot at his favorite wife Kefir.

Without any masculine roles for him to fill during these periods of celebration, Awoken suffers from “suppressed s he incorrectly correlates these periods of rest and joy with his own fathers weaknesses and failures. Ginkgo’s participation in the killing of Snakeskin ultimately caused him more harm than good. His reputation in the village declines and his family, especially Annoy, loses trust in him. “He called his son, Annoy, to sit with him in his Obi.

But the boy was afraid of him and slipped out of the hut as soon as he noticed him Neil Ten Korean even suggests, “Arguably, the murder-sacrifice of Snakeskin brings down upon Muffin all the unhappy vents that follow. “(2004: 776). By disobeying the Oracles order not to have a hand in Snakeskin’s death, Awoken also risks displeasing the Earth goddess. A point his good friend Beriberi informs him of, “What you have done will not please the Earth. It is the kind of action for which the goddess wipes out whole families. “(47).

Ironically it is this shallow attempt at a show of strength that is the catalyst to his family being banished from the clan for seven years and Annoy heeding “the missionaries’ call to forsake father and mother for Jesus sake. ” (2004: 776). Ginkgo’s death was the result of his own lack of self-control, brought about by his fragile and declining emotional state. As his world fell apart around him, he became more and more disillusioned. Neil Ten Korean notes that “Achebe himself has said, ‘Awoken is cut off from reality, and becomes the victim of illusion, of a false perception of himself.

Hence his self governing chi cannot hold him together, he falls apart; so does his outer world, which suffers an ecological, historical and existential breakdown and escapement-‘(2004: 774). As the weight of failure becomes too much to bare for Awoken, he allows his actions to be governed by his emotions. “In a flash Awoken drew his machete. The messenger crouched to avoid the blow. It was useless. Ginkgo’s machete descended twice and the man’s head lay beside his uniformed body. ” This final act of impulsive violence was again in contrast to the wishes of his clansmen, “Awoken stood looking at the dead man.

He knew that Muffin would not go to war. He knew because they had let the other messengers escape. This final failure to control his emotions drives Awoken to seal his own fate and take his own life. Ginkgo’s fear of failure and weakness was ultimately his downfall. His constant need to compensate for his fathers failures led him to disrespect his own cultures traditions on numerous occasions. He allowed his fear to govern his actions at times when he should have allowed himself to be governed by his inner chi. As a result, his actions led to him being perceived as just as an abomination and a failure by his clan, just like his father.

[Solved] the behaving brain

The Behaving Brain: Video Response

The video put the chapter into visual perspective for me in terms of learning about our brain structure and it’s different parts. The video describes the three important jobs our neurons do: receive information from other cells, process information, and transmit it to the rest of the body. Without our neurons we would have no brain activity. All behavior begins with an action from a neuron. First the brain gathers information from the receptors and spread it around it’s branch fibers, or dendrites.

Next the information is sent to the soma, the neurons cell body, where it is combined with other information. Finally, the entire input is passed along within the axon in form of nerve impulses. It’s fascinating to learn that no neurons actually ever touch; they send messages across the synaptic gap, called neurotransmitters. Nerve impulses and transitive chemicals give our human behavior its complexity psychologists and scientists have been studying for ages. Our brain regulates our metabolism, temperature, respiration, and allows us to learn, remember, and decide. The brain uses all it’s parts reacting as a complete part of the nervous system. The brain stem connects the brain to the nerves and spinal cord and is the center for basic life support –breathing, beating of the heart, walking, and sleeping.

The cerebellum controls our poster and body movement. Conclusively the limbic system balances our temperature, blood pressure, emotions, and sexual desire. We would not be able to complete these necessary unconscious tasks without the amygdala, hippocampus, hypothalamus, and the thalamus. Our cerebrum is the largest part of our brains. This is where our nerve impulses are translated into words and ideas. The outer layer of the cerebrum is the cortex, the center of thought, perception, and the integration of all responses and sensation. Without the video I honestly don’t think I would’ve been able to explain ANY of the brain functions just by reading the chapter. I honestly love these awesome videos I don’t know what I’d do without them! I related the point the video made about endorphins to my life due to the significance endorphins really have on my body and I never realized it until now. For example, when playing in the snow I’m so excited I completely forget how cold I really am.

Or after working out I instantly get put in a better mood. I never gave this much thought till now and I’m thinking the brain has to be the most interesting part of our anatomy. I found the computer techniques that can tell if a person is an alcoholic, manic depressant, or schizophrenic so interesting. These tests can even see if you could have dementia, Alzheimer’s, or a brain defect later in the future as well. I think it would so cool to test my brain activity on one of those machines. I also find the EEG tests to calculate activity by neurons in the cortex very interesting. E. Roy John, the director of the main research laboratories in New York, studies neurometrics that is the precise electoralphysical measurement of neural functioning. The information is color-coded; every individual’s electrical activity is measured by color on a computer. Earthy green means normal. If there is an abnormal activity in the brain the color is red, the more abnormal the brighter the color going up to orange. If there is a deficiency in activity or if the brain is lacking something, it appears blue. And finally abnormalities, such as depression or dementia, come up as blotches of color in different regions.

I am a bit confused about the theory neuroscientists are studying that everything the brain does is ultimately explainable by biological and chemical events taking place within it. The brain altogether is a very confusing part of our body and can change states in an instant. My question is, how are patients with amnesia or schizophrenia really studied and how could a scientist find treatment for people with scary psychological disorders?

[Solved] campbell and bailyns boston office

Campbell And Bailyn’s Boston Office Case Study

The ‘sub-prime’ crisis triggered by the meltdown of the US mortgage backed-securities market in 2007 was a precursor to the global financial crisis. It would drastically change the competitive landscape for all firms in the financial services sector, including Campbell and Bailyn (C&B), one of the world’s five largest investment banks.

In response to a loss of clientele to competitor firms, Ken Winston (C&B’s Boston Sales Office Director) assembled the five most successful salespeople into a Key Accounts Team (KAT). Having previously enjoyed the autonomy of selling a diverse array of products to their own clients, these five ‘Generalists’ would now ‘Specialize’ only in one specific financial instrument, and subsequently, would have to share their accounts. This increased the level of task interdependency between KAT members, necessitating closer collaboration when performing complex multiproduct sales.

Amongst other factors, Winston blamed the loss of clientele on a lack of detailed product knowledge possessed by his salespeople. One customer stated that the ‘Generalists’ were “jacks of all trades and masters of none.” Given the salespeoples’ apparent lack of product expertise, it is difficult to see how simply reassigning Generalists to become Specialists to focus on a specific product line would actually address this problem.

1.2Customer Feedback
What other options might Winston have considered to quell the haemorrhaging of clients to rival firms? One alternative he might have contemplated was to seek the opinions of their clients. Customer satisfaction surveys are a proactive way of identifying customer concerns, and to delve deeper into their psyche to determine what expectations they have in regards to service standards and the relationship in general. (Vance 2009) Arguably, this is an action that should have been taken before activating such an audacious restructuring strategy. Exposing the real motivations and priorities of their customers would have aided the formulation of a more tailored approach
meet their needs.

1.2Knowledge Sharing and Collaboration
If proven that inferior product expertise was a determinant of clientele loss, then this deficiency should have been addressed with the ‘Generalists’ in question. While the option of formal training was dismissed by Winston, the important role that is played by New York based Product Managers should not be overlooked. They are responsible for providing support and technical information on C&B’s saleable financial instruments. Accordingly, closer communication, collaboration and knowledge sharing between the two parties would appear to be critical in enhancing salespeoples’ product expertise.

To pave the way for effective knowledge sharing between salespeople and Product Managers, emphasis should be placed on building the relationship between the two parties. Their geographical dispersion is an obstacle, however, the growing use of computer-mediated communication and virtual teams is seen as an efficient way to combat such challenges. (Hertel, Geister and Konradt 2005) To support these virtual interactions, management might also consider sporadic face-to-face meetings (Al-Ani, Horspool and Bligh 2011), workshops and other team building exercises (social activities, for example) to foster positive exchanges and trust between the relevant staff. (Labrosse 2008)

Besides C&B’s Product Managers, Boston’s Specialists might be seen as another untapped source of specialised product knowledge. Winston might have encouraged mutual knowledge sharing between the Specialists and Generalists, potentially benefiting both sets of salespeople – Generalists would develop expertise in products where their experience is lacking; and, Specialists would be exposed to products outside of their fortes, further aiding their career development.

A dated view of knowledge sharing within organisations identifies the ‘knowledge is power’ rationale, whereby employees are averse to sharing information or ideas with colleagues in the belief that it threatens their internal power base. (Boer, Berends, and van Baalen 2011) This view is
changing however, as the obvious benefits of knowledge sharing (innovation, productivity and organisational efficiency) are seen to outweigh the costs. (Chait 2012)

The challenge to Winston in this case therefore, would lie in his ability to facilitate knowledge sharing between his salespeople. The ‘Seven Methods of Influencing Behaviour’ has been identified as a tool that can be applied to develop knowledge sharing initiatives within organisations. (Nevis, Lancourt and Vassallo 1996; quoted in Chait 2012) ‘Persuasive communication’ (influencing salespeople of the importance of knowledge sharing), ‘structural rearrangement’ (assigning Specialists to a Generalist in an assistant or subordinate role) and ‘role modelling’ (identifying key Generalists to take a leading role) are the three most pertinent of these methods available to Winston.

1.3Conclusion
Winston is a respected and trusted leader, and is viewed as a role model by many of his staff. Nevertheless, his strategy would appear to threaten this trust as it undermines the autonomy, growth prospects, and (potentially) the commission earnings of his top salespeople. While resistance to organisational change is not uncommon, a range of alternatives were available to Winston which might have been preferable to his restructuring plan – namely, the use of surveys and client feedback to properly attend to customer needs, and enhanced knowledge sharing and collaboration between Product Managers and his Salespeople.

References

Al-Ani, Ban, Agnes Horspool, and Michelle C. Bligh. 2011. “Collaborating with ‘virtual strangers’: Towards developing a framework for leadership in distributed teams.” Leadership 7 (3): 219-249. Doi: 10.1177/1742715011407382

Hertel, Guido, Susanne Geister, and Udo Konradt. 2005. “Managing virtual teams: A review of current empirical research.” Human Resource Management Review 15 (1): 69-95. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2005.01.002.

Labrosse, Michelle. 2008. “Managing Virtual Teams.” Employment Relations Today 35 (2): 81-86. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ert.20205

[Solved] brain dysfunction and criminal behavior

Brain Dysfunction and Criminal Behavior
July 16, 2013

Over many decades, there has been research done to find out what are the reasons behind an individual committing a criminal against another individual. Is it because they are not satisfied with their life and they want what the other person has at that moment? Within this research, doctors have begun to see that there are factors in which an individual commits crimes, whether it was because of the environment they were from or was it something the genetic.

When looking at the first factor, the environment, we would not what influence would lead a crime to pursue the life of crime. Some people may say that the reason why someone would commit a crime is because they are hanging around the wrong crowd or they were just not raised right. Yes, these issues may play a part to why a person becomes a criminal at a young age or sometimes in the heat of the moment. As stated in the text, some youth that shows certain disorders such as Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder have behaviors have a significant impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning (DeLisi, 2013). With a young child showing traits like this, it is stated that they would more than likely to become a criminal (DeLisi, 2013).

A major factor that plays an important part in a criminal’s behavior or has an influence on an individual becoming a criminal is the family and how they were raised. In families that do not have the influence of drugs and alcohol abuse, domestic abuse or any type of outside deviant behavior within the home, are likely to have a positive influence on their child’s life compared to someone that has been introduced to this type of environment (DeLisi, 2013). An example of the wrong family up bring would be the case of serial murderer Lorenzo Gilyard, he was raised by a family of criminals, his father was a career criminal which included rape and his siblings were convicted of homicides (DeLisi, 2013). Another factor in which a criminal behavior is
influence is genetically. It is known that some individual may have a chemical imbalance inside their brain that may provoke them to commit simple crimes such as theft, or commit crime against other individuals. In the film, The brain and violence: Secrets of the mind, there was an examination of the brain that belonged to pro-wrestler Chris Benoit. The study was done because everyone including the fans and his family wanted to know what caused him to kill his entire family. Upon the research, the examiner found that the reason why Chris murdered his family was because the nerves in his brain were damaged from all the concussion he inquired during his wrestling career (ABC News, 2010). Also in the film it was proven that some criminal genes are actual inherited, as researched by Neuroscientist James Fallon, he discovered that he has the genetic makeup of a murder because of his research of the brain. Dr. Fallon discovered that all murders have a lack of color at the frontal lobe of the brain which means emotions such as sympathy are not shown when they commit crimes against others (ABC News, 2010).

When looking at the life of a criminal, there is never one thing that could have some type of impact in which made them decide that they wanted to commit crimes against others. In some instances the family up bringing would play and important part in some behaviors such as rape, homicide and theft. In some instances, the criminal could be the victim based on the environment in which they came from during their childhood (Samenow, 2004). As far as looking at the genetic makeup of a criminal, it is believed that a person could have the genes to be a criminal, but it is all decided on the environment the person was raised, Dr. Fallon is a prime example that the love and support of the family would disregard the genetic makeup of a criminal.

References:
Samenow, Stanton. (2004). Inside the Criminal Mind. Crown Publishing Group, Incorporated. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com ABC News (Producer). (2010). The brain and violence: Secrets of your mind [Series episode]. In Secrets of Your Mind: Why We Do What We Do. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com DeLisi, M. (2013). Criminal psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.edu

[Solved] characters in anthony lukas and richard broadmans books

The Character of the City Boston in J Anthony Lukas’ Common Ground and Richard Broadman’s Mission Hill and the Miracle of Boston In this course we have learned that a city’s character is “a legacy for seeing, interpreting, exploiting, and transforming its social, cultural and political opportunities as a physical community.” How is it possible for a city like Boston to have character? Well, the institutional and cultural continuity along with the resistance and reconstruction of culture has allowed the character of Boston to be defined simply by the underlying idea of conflict. Through J Anthony Lukas’ Common Ground and Richard Broadman’s Mission Hill and the Miracle of Boston, we can see that the catalyst for this sense of conflict has been social dissentions between classes and races. These dissentions are clearly detailed through both the Urban Renewal plans of Mission Hill in the 1960s and 1970s and the school busing case of 1974.When looking at the character of Boston one must understand the amount of controversy our city has encountered as well as the way they have identified and resolved these crisis’s. Through this deduction along with my own personal experience of living in Boston a step towards finding a distinct character of Boston may be possible. When analyzing conflict as the character of Boston, you will find that conflict is triadic not dyadic. This means that there are three parties involved instead of just two parties. This is important when looking at the two issues of urban renewal and busing. The concept of conflict includes established insiders with many options, struggling insiders with some options and ascendant outsiders with few or no options. When comparing this information to both urban renewal c.

. .Boston a better place to be because it has already experienced so many things. From early revolutionary leaders to the fairly recent quota case at Boston Latin, Boston had seen its share of social dissention. Boston has resolved conflicts between different groups very professionally and orderly. In the past thirty years since the busing case not many cases of racial problems have surfaced. I think Boston provides the country with a very detailed and specific look at its issues. It seems that all sides of the issue are looked at very carefully before a decision is made. Through the urban renewal case and the busing case of 1974 one can see that when finding a distinct characteristic one would find conflict to be it. This sense of conflict surrounds every issue and blankets the ideas expressed in the movie, Mission Hill Miracle of Boston and the book Common Ground.

[Solved] right hemisphere brain damage

Right Hemisphere Injury The brain is a very powerful organ that us humans have in our bodies. Without the brain the body would not be able to function. The brain is the center of the nervous system and it controls some of your basic types of responsiveness such as reflexes. The brain is made up of two hemispheres, the right and the left. The left hemisphere controls the right side of your body and the right hemisphere controls the left side of your body. Most people in the world are right handed which means that your left side of their brain is in constant use and their right side of their brain is normally at rest.

Not only is the brain the major organ in your body it is also one of the most sensitive organs. The brain is so sensitive that a minor bumping of the head can cause injury to it. Right hemisphere injury is damage to the right side of your brain. Injury to either side of your brain can be harmful to the rest of your body, but injury to the right side of your brain damages your cognitive functioning. For over one hundred years scientists have discovered that the left side of the brain controls the language skills in 95 percent of right-handed people. The studying of the brain began during the renaissance.

Scientists thought that the two hemispheres were the same and they didn’t notice a difference between the two until the 19th century. Around the 1960s experiments were beginning to show that the right hemisphere had something to do with the language abilities. “The right brain hemisphere was thought to possess only lower level capabilities and was considered subordinate to the left side” (Right-Brain Hemisphere). The right side of your brain is responsible for the auditory and visual imagery. When the right side of the brain is damaged, people usually have a hard time recognizing faces and songs and also meeting new people.

They have a hard time meeting new people due to the fact that it is very difficult for them to remember the new faces. Since the right hemisphere also deals with emotions, people whose right hemisphere is damaged have a hard time producing and interpreting emotions. If the front of your right hemisphere is damaged then it is usually hard to produce strong emotions, but if the back of your right hemisphere is damaged then you can produce emotions but do not understand other people’s emotions. Also, when the right side of your brain is damaged, it can lead to cognitive communication problems such as impaired memory, attention problems, and poor easoning (Right Hemisphere Brain Damage). There are many different signs and symptoms when a person is experiencing right hemisphere injury. First, is a short attention span, people whose right side of the brain is injured normally lose attention quickly. They have trouble concentrating and also multi-tasking. Not only do they have trouble paying attention they also have trouble remembering things. It becomes difficult for them to drive as they forget street names and directions that they were once familiar with. They have trouble remembering certain dates and important information such as their birthday and age.

This is similar to Alzheimer’s disease, which is a disease that also affects your brain and its function to memorize things. Since the right hemisphere of your brain controls your thinking process, solving problems and organization when faced with an injury it becomes a very difficult task. Telling a story or giving directions in order is something that you no longer can do. Social communication also becomes a problem pertaining to gestures and other nonverbal communication becomes difficult to understand. Left side neglect also occurs. Left side neglect is a form of attention deficit.

This means that the person normally does not pay attention to the left side of their bodies. They won’t chew food on the left side of their mouth, they won’t brush the left side of their hair, and their reading is also affected because they may not read the words on the left side of the page. Right hemisphere injury is normally caused by strokes, tumors, surgery gone wrong, infection/illness, and traumatic brain injuries. The location and the degree of the injury vary with each incident. When dealing with strokes it always affects the right side of the brain. It slows down you mental development and it interacts with your motor skills.

When you are a child and you have damage to your right hemisphere it’s a little bit different than when you are an adult. Your brain cannot develop language skills as quickly as children. For example when you are a child and you are just starting to learn words from your parents and you have right hemisphere injury, you will not be able to mimic their words, thus slowing down your understanding and mental awareness of the language. The right hemisphere of your brain can greatly affect your verbal communication. Almost 50 percent of the people who suffer from right hemisphere injury have some type of verbal communication impairment. A patient with right hemisphere damage can, amongst other things, show difficulty transmitting communicative intentions based on emotions, on modulation of speech parameters, and on indirect meanings of discourse or figurative language” (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). Considering the fact that the person has trouble having a conversation, it’s not just difficult for them it’s also difficult for the people around them such as their family and friends. Their family and friends has to put in extra work to try to comprehend what the person experiencing right hemisphere damage is saying. The capacity to establish semantic relationships between words may also be altered in patients with right hemisphere damage”. This means that as stated earlier people who are affected by RHD (right hemisphere damage) have trouble putting together stories and recalling events that happened in the past. They remember the unusual details of the story and they sometimes justify the details. “One of the salient characteristics of patients with RHD is their inability to respect the principle of cooperation that regulates conversation.

Amongst other things, they have difficulty respecting turn-taking, maintaining appropriate visual contact with their interlocutor, and controlling the progression and coherence of the topic during the communicative exchange” (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). Individuals with right hemisphere injury may have trouble maintaining eye contact, starting a conversation, using and interpreting facial expressions, and also understanding nonverbal communication (Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Speech-Language Pathology Practice Council (2012, September). . An individual with right hemisphere injury should see a specialist. Nine times out of ten they should see a speech-language pathologist. SLP specializes in communication disorders and will work with the individuals to develop a treatment plan designed to improve their cognitive communication abilities (Right Hemisphere Brain Damage. (2013). ). During the treatment or therapy the individual will be working the muscles in the brain to help develop the right hemisphere.

Activities such as using repeated presentation of the Token Test, which is associated with change of the brain functions. Other beneficial treatments are using computers and with using computers the person will deal with training such as a reading task which applies with visual matching and reading comprehension. However, if that person is faced with a serious RHD and loses motor abilities of the left side of the body that person can also use a computer as a therapy to help receive movement in the fingers, arm tc. In addition to therapy and treatments, one treatment stood out to me the most. There is a treatment called “Edgeness” and what this does is allows the person to persistently remember where the object was placed (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). The doctor tells the patient to trace the object and while he or she is looking away the doctor moves the object to the left after moving the object the doctor tells the patient the grab the object to see if the patient remembers what and where the object was recently placed.

Also, other treatments like “Bookness” are designed to help patients focus on stimulating the brain. However, the treatment, “Bookness” which involves reading, should only be used after Edgeness in order to get the best results. Pertaining to child right hemisphere damage compared to adult right hemisphere damage, there are two people in my life that has been faced with a brain injury on their right side. A young child at the age of 3 months was dropped on his head and received a skull fracture that resulted in 50% of his right hemisphere of his brain to be removed.

Due to the re-moving of his brain he had constant seizures and his mental ability to interact, speak, and move became impaired. He went through a series of therapy such as language therapy, physical therapy, and mental teary to try to help improve his development. The activities that he participated in dealing with physical therapy were games that were associated with blocks. There were three blocks and each block was a different color and different shape and he had to match the color and the shapes. As far as language therapy, he had to say a series of words like mother, father, no, yes.

Not only did he have to say the words he also had to match the actions with the words. Now he is five years old but due to his injury he is at a mental state of a three year old, his motor skills and his language skills has improved. In comparison to the child, an adult who suffered from right hemisphere injury has no chance of recovery fully because his brain is fully developed. The adult was 47 years old when he got into a motorcycle accident which caused a skull fracture to the right hemisphere of his brain.

He had major surgery on his brain and he lost 50 % of his right hemisphere. When he began his recovery, the doctors had to basically restart his process of life. Meaning he had to learn how to re-walk, re-talk, and re-think. The doctors had activities such as daily exercises that involved using his motor and mental ablatives The doctors had flash cards having him explain the emotions and the faces of the cards. It was very difficult for him and also the people around him as they had to work with him in learning everything all over.

In conclusion right hemisphere injury is something that most people who suffer from this injury at an older age cannot bounce back from. It causes many problems and delays in the developmental system in the brain. However there are treatments but most treatments are not 100 percent accurate that they will work well enough for them to go back to normal. If you are surrounded by someone who suffers from right hemisphere injury there are certain things you can do to help them improve.

You can set up daily routines to help them familiarize themselves with the environment, you can lower loud background noises to help them better concentrate, and you can approach them from the right side and avoid moving rapidly. References Abusamra, V. (2009). Communication Impairments in Patients with Right Hemisphere Damage | Valeria Abusamra – Academia. edu. Retrieved from Academia. edu website: http://www. academia. edu/810990/Communication_Impairments_in_Patients_with_Right_Hemisphere_Damage Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Speech-Language Pathology Practice Council (2012, September).

LIFE Center: Communication Disorders due to Right Hemisphere Damage. Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://lifecenter. ric. org/index. php? tray=content&tid=top125&cid=282 Right Hemisphere Brain Damage. (2013). Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://www. asha. org/public/speech/disorders/RightBrainDamage. htm Right-Brain Hemisphere – Left, People, Hemispheres, and Split – JRank Articles. (2008). Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://psychology. jrank. org/pages/545/Right-Brain-Hemisphere. html