Brain Dysfunction and Criminal Behavior
July 16, 2013
Over many decades, there has been research done to find out what are the reasons behind an individual committing a criminal against another individual. Is it because they are not satisfied with their life and they want what the other person has at that moment? Within this research, doctors have begun to see that there are factors in which an individual commits crimes, whether it was because of the environment they were from or was it something the genetic.
When looking at the first factor, the environment, we would not what influence would lead a crime to pursue the life of crime. Some people may say that the reason why someone would commit a crime is because they are hanging around the wrong crowd or they were just not raised right. Yes, these issues may play a part to why a person becomes a criminal at a young age or sometimes in the heat of the moment. As stated in the text, some youth that shows certain disorders such as Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder have behaviors have a significant impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning (DeLisi, 2013). With a young child showing traits like this, it is stated that they would more than likely to become a criminal (DeLisi, 2013).
A major factor that plays an important part in a criminal’s behavior or has an influence on an individual becoming a criminal is the family and how they were raised. In families that do not have the influence of drugs and alcohol abuse, domestic abuse or any type of outside deviant behavior within the home, are likely to have a positive influence on their child’s life compared to someone that has been introduced to this type of environment (DeLisi, 2013). An example of the wrong family up bring would be the case of serial murderer Lorenzo Gilyard, he was raised by a family of criminals, his father was a career criminal which included rape and his siblings were convicted of homicides (DeLisi, 2013). Another factor in which a criminal behavior is
influence is genetically. It is known that some individual may have a chemical imbalance inside their brain that may provoke them to commit simple crimes such as theft, or commit crime against other individuals. In the film, The brain and violence: Secrets of the mind, there was an examination of the brain that belonged to pro-wrestler Chris Benoit. The study was done because everyone including the fans and his family wanted to know what caused him to kill his entire family. Upon the research, the examiner found that the reason why Chris murdered his family was because the nerves in his brain were damaged from all the concussion he inquired during his wrestling career (ABC News, 2010). Also in the film it was proven that some criminal genes are actual inherited, as researched by Neuroscientist James Fallon, he discovered that he has the genetic makeup of a murder because of his research of the brain. Dr. Fallon discovered that all murders have a lack of color at the frontal lobe of the brain which means emotions such as sympathy are not shown when they commit crimes against others (ABC News, 2010).
When looking at the life of a criminal, there is never one thing that could have some type of impact in which made them decide that they wanted to commit crimes against others. In some instances the family up bringing would play and important part in some behaviors such as rape, homicide and theft. In some instances, the criminal could be the victim based on the environment in which they came from during their childhood (Samenow, 2004). As far as looking at the genetic makeup of a criminal, it is believed that a person could have the genes to be a criminal, but it is all decided on the environment the person was raised, Dr. Fallon is a prime example that the love and support of the family would disregard the genetic makeup of a criminal.
Samenow, Stanton. (2004). Inside the Criminal Mind. Crown Publishing Group, Incorporated. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com ABC News (Producer). (2010). The brain and violence: Secrets of your mind [Series episode]. In Secrets of Your Mind: Why We Do What We Do. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com DeLisi, M. (2013). Criminal psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.edu