[Solved] causes and symptoms of brain aneurysm

Causes and Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm

Ferrer Psych 101 Michelle Vallie Causes and Symptoms of Brain Aneurysm “An estimated 6 million people in the United States have an unruptured brain aneurysm, or 1 in 50 people” (Brain Aneurysm Foundation 2011). First of all, what is Brain Aneurysm? A brain (cerebral) aneurysm is a bulging, weak area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain. In most cases, a brain aneurysm causes no symptoms and goes unnoticed. In rare cases, the brain aneurysm ruptures, releasing blood into the skull and causing a “stroke” (Webmd staff 2011).

When a brain aneurysm ruptures, the result is called a subarachnoid hemorrhage. Depending on the severity of the hemorrhage, brain damage or death may result. The most common location for brain aneurysms is in the network of blood vessels at the base of the brain called the “circle of Willis. ” I think the basic idea here is that what happens in brain aneurysm is that a weak spot develops in the blood vessel which causes blood rupture. I’m really interested in this topic because I’m taking Human Biology right now and my instructor just finished discussing to us what a brain aneurysm is.

Well, I think we all have an idea of what a brain aneurysm is so let’s get to the causes and symptoms of Brain Aneurysm. A person may inherit the tendency to form aneurysms, or aneurysms may develop because of hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis) and aging. Some risk factors that can lead to brain aneurysms can be controlled, and others can’t. The following risk factors may increase your risk of developing an aneurysm or, if you already have an aneurysm, may increase your risk of rupturing it. First is gender, women are likely to develop a brain aneurysm or to suffer a subarachnoid hemorrhage.

Another factor is family history; People who have a family history of brain aneurysms are more likely to have an aneurysm than those who don’t. Next is hypertension, The risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage is greater in people with a history of high blood pressure or also known as hypertension. The last factor that I found that actually surprised me is race; African Americans are more likely than whites to have a subarachnoid hemorrhage. I guess race can actually affect the acquisition rate of a disorder or disease which is very surprising for me.

We have gone through the causes of brain aneurysm. So what are left are the symptoms of Brain Aneurysm. As we all know, symptoms are very important to take regard of because they are the things to watch for in order that we can hastily react upon a disease or disorder. From what I found, most brain aneurysms cause no symptoms and may only be discovered during tests for another, usually unrelated, condition. In other cases, an unruptured aneurysm will cause problems by pressing on areas in the brain.

When this happens, the person may suffer from severe headaches, blurred vision, changes in speech, and neck pain, depending on what areas of the brain are affected and how bad the aneurysm is. Since brain aneurysm often does not cause any symptoms, many are discovered in people who are being treated for a different condition. A CT-scan could definitely help identify bleeding in the brain. Sometimes a lumbar puncture may be used if your doctor suspects that you have a ruptured cerebral aneurysm with a subarachnoid hemorrhage. In conclusion, Brain aneurysm is really hard to detect since the symptoms aren’t really there.

So if you experience even a slight headache or dizziness in a regular basis, I think it is best to have a quick check up from a doctor. Also, what people don’t realize is that having regular checkups are really important since there are cases like this where symptoms don’t really show till you have it already. References: 1. Webmd, S. (2011, January 07). Brain aneurysm – topic overview. Retrieved from http://www. webmd. com/brain/tc/brain-anurysm-topic-overview. 2. Brain Aneurysm FOundation Staff. (2011). Understanding: Brain aneurysm statistics and facts. Retrieved from http://www. bafound. org/node/124

[Solved] brain and behavior

The cerebral cortex outer layer of the cerebrum has the two largest hemispheres that covers the upper part of the brain which are divided into smaller portion called lobes. Corticalization is an increase in size of the wrinkling of the cortex and without this we would not be any smarter than any other animal. Cerebral hemispheres are divided into right and left halves of the cortex connected by thick band axon fibers called corpus. Hemispheric specialization, testing only one side of the brain by a process called the Split Brain operation, which is essentially a person with two brains in one body.

The corpus callosum is cut, to control severe epilepsy (seizure disorder), but this operation is rare and is often used as a last resort. One brain two sides; the left brain analysis breaking information into parts and about 95% of people use the left brain to speak, write, and understand. This includes, time sense movements and rhythm. The right side of the brain processes information by using nonverbal responses such as, pointing at objects, simple language comprehension, recognition of pattern and most of all recognizing and expressing of emotion.

Lobes of the cerebral Cortex are larger fissures on the surface of the cortex. The Frontal lobes which is also known as the primary motor which is a very small portion of the cerebral cortex. The cerebral cortex is responsible for reasoning planning, mental abilities, sense of self and motor control. This area contains mirror neurons, which becomes active when you observed some else and then you carried out the same action. The association areas which surrounds the cerebral combines and processes information.

Other areas in the association control higher abilities such as language, when the brain fails to function properly it might have damage to the association in the left area hemisphere and may suffer aphasia, an impaired ability to use language. Broca’s Area is a type of aphasia related to language and speech production. Once Broca’s Area has been damaged, a person knows what she/he wants to say but cannot say the words. Wernicke’s area is also an area in the brain related to language comprehension, which is located in the temporal Lobes. Once this area is damaged, the person has problems with meanings of words, NOT pronunciation.

The temporal lobe is a region of the cerebral cortex that is located beneath the lateral fissure on both cerebral hemispheres of the brain. The temporal lobes are involved in the retention of visual memories, processing sensory input, comprehending language, storing new memories, emotion, and deriving meaning. The Parietal Lobes is located on top of the brain. Also known as primary somatosensory cortex. The function includes processing information relating to the sense of touch, temperature and pressure. The occipital lobes register vision to the brain. You might ask, “Are men and women Brains different? ” The answer is yes.

The part of the brain responsible for regulating sexual behavior, is bigger and more active in men than it is in women. Portions of the corpus callosum are denser in women than in men, indicating that women integrate more information coming from both sides of the brain. Activity in both hemispheres during language processing is more observed among women than among men. However, both genders performed equally on the same task such as sounding out words while reading. Perhaps nature has given the brain different routes to the same ability. Brain tissue loss happens earlier and in greater quantity in men than in women.

Men lose neurons mainly in the cerebral cortex, particularly the frontal and temporal lobes, while women lose brain tissues primarily in the parietal lobe and the hippocampus. According to brain imaging techniques, the parietal lobe, an area of the cerebral cortex, is larger and more active in men than in women. In fine motor activities, such as sewing, drawing, painting and writing, women perform better. The linguistic and objective memories of women are also better. The subcortex, right underneath the cerebral, controls hunger, thirst, sleep, attention, sex, breathing and many other vital functions.

The subcortex can be divided into brainstem, midbrain, and the forebrain. The hindbrain or brain stem consists of three parts. The first is the medulla, which is actually an extension of the spinal cord into the skull. Besides containing tracts up and down to and from the higher portions of the brain, the medulla also contains some of the essential nuclei that govern respiration and heart rate. It is the regulatory system for sleep, waking, and alertness. The second part is the pons, which sits in front of the medulla, and wraps around it to the back.

It is primarily the pathways connecting the two halves of the next part, which is called the cerebellum. The cerebellum, which means “little brain” it is primarily responsible for coordinating involuntary movement. It is believed that, when you learn complex motor tasks, the details are recorded in the cerebellum. In human beings, the midbrain is the smallest part of the brain. It connects the hindbrain to the forebrain, and contains several pathways that link to hearing and vision. The largest and most interesting part of the brain is the forebrain. It starts with the thalamus, which is located in the center of your head.

Sensory messages pass through the thalamus before reaching the cortex. If this part of the brain is damaged, it can result to loss of all sense besides smell. The limbic system is a complex set of brain structures that lies on both sides of the thalamus, right under the cerebrum. It includes the hippocampus, amygdalae, limbic cortex and reticular activating system. It supports a variety of functions, including emotion, behavior, motivation and long term memory. It’s primarily responsible for our emotional life, and has a great deal to do with the formation of memories.

The endocrine system is a collection of glands that produce hormones that regulate your body’s growth, metabolism, and sexual function. The hormones are released into the bloodstream and transported to tissues and organs throughout your body. Adrenal glands release two hormones which are epinephrine and norepinephrine. Epinephrine arouses the body with fear and norepinephrine triggers anger. The Hypothalamus is actively controls the part of the nervous system that controls involuntary body functions, the hormonal system, and many body functions, such as regulating sleep and stimulating appetite.

Ovaries and testicles secrete hormones that influence female and male characteristics, respectively. The Pancreas secretes a hormone (insulin) that controls the use of glucose by the body. Parathyroid glands a hormone that maintains the calcium level in the blood. Pineal body glands involves with daily biological cycles. Pituitary gland produces a number of different hormones that influence various other endocrine glands, and thyroid gland produces hormones that stimulate body heat production, bone growth, and the body’s metabolism.

[Solved] campbell and bailyns boston office

Campbell And Bailyn’s Boston Office Case Study

The ‘sub-prime’ crisis triggered by the meltdown of the US mortgage backed-securities market in 2007 was a precursor to the global financial crisis. It would drastically change the competitive landscape for all firms in the financial services sector, including Campbell and Bailyn (C&B), one of the world’s five largest investment banks.

In response to a loss of clientele to competitor firms, Ken Winston (C&B’s Boston Sales Office Director) assembled the five most successful salespeople into a Key Accounts Team (KAT). Having previously enjoyed the autonomy of selling a diverse array of products to their own clients, these five ‘Generalists’ would now ‘Specialize’ only in one specific financial instrument, and subsequently, would have to share their accounts. This increased the level of task interdependency between KAT members, necessitating closer collaboration when performing complex multiproduct sales.

Amongst other factors, Winston blamed the loss of clientele on a lack of detailed product knowledge possessed by his salespeople. One customer stated that the ‘Generalists’ were “jacks of all trades and masters of none.” Given the salespeoples’ apparent lack of product expertise, it is difficult to see how simply reassigning Generalists to become Specialists to focus on a specific product line would actually address this problem.

1.2Customer Feedback
What other options might Winston have considered to quell the haemorrhaging of clients to rival firms? One alternative he might have contemplated was to seek the opinions of their clients. Customer satisfaction surveys are a proactive way of identifying customer concerns, and to delve deeper into their psyche to determine what expectations they have in regards to service standards and the relationship in general. (Vance 2009) Arguably, this is an action that should have been taken before activating such an audacious restructuring strategy. Exposing the real motivations and priorities of their customers would have aided the formulation of a more tailored approach
meet their needs.

1.2Knowledge Sharing and Collaboration
If proven that inferior product expertise was a determinant of clientele loss, then this deficiency should have been addressed with the ‘Generalists’ in question. While the option of formal training was dismissed by Winston, the important role that is played by New York based Product Managers should not be overlooked. They are responsible for providing support and technical information on C&B’s saleable financial instruments. Accordingly, closer communication, collaboration and knowledge sharing between the two parties would appear to be critical in enhancing salespeoples’ product expertise.

To pave the way for effective knowledge sharing between salespeople and Product Managers, emphasis should be placed on building the relationship between the two parties. Their geographical dispersion is an obstacle, however, the growing use of computer-mediated communication and virtual teams is seen as an efficient way to combat such challenges. (Hertel, Geister and Konradt 2005) To support these virtual interactions, management might also consider sporadic face-to-face meetings (Al-Ani, Horspool and Bligh 2011), workshops and other team building exercises (social activities, for example) to foster positive exchanges and trust between the relevant staff. (Labrosse 2008)

Besides C&B’s Product Managers, Boston’s Specialists might be seen as another untapped source of specialised product knowledge. Winston might have encouraged mutual knowledge sharing between the Specialists and Generalists, potentially benefiting both sets of salespeople – Generalists would develop expertise in products where their experience is lacking; and, Specialists would be exposed to products outside of their fortes, further aiding their career development.

A dated view of knowledge sharing within organisations identifies the ‘knowledge is power’ rationale, whereby employees are averse to sharing information or ideas with colleagues in the belief that it threatens their internal power base. (Boer, Berends, and van Baalen 2011) This view is
changing however, as the obvious benefits of knowledge sharing (innovation, productivity and organisational efficiency) are seen to outweigh the costs. (Chait 2012)

The challenge to Winston in this case therefore, would lie in his ability to facilitate knowledge sharing between his salespeople. The ‘Seven Methods of Influencing Behaviour’ has been identified as a tool that can be applied to develop knowledge sharing initiatives within organisations. (Nevis, Lancourt and Vassallo 1996; quoted in Chait 2012) ‘Persuasive communication’ (influencing salespeople of the importance of knowledge sharing), ‘structural rearrangement’ (assigning Specialists to a Generalist in an assistant or subordinate role) and ‘role modelling’ (identifying key Generalists to take a leading role) are the three most pertinent of these methods available to Winston.

1.3Conclusion
Winston is a respected and trusted leader, and is viewed as a role model by many of his staff. Nevertheless, his strategy would appear to threaten this trust as it undermines the autonomy, growth prospects, and (potentially) the commission earnings of his top salespeople. While resistance to organisational change is not uncommon, a range of alternatives were available to Winston which might have been preferable to his restructuring plan – namely, the use of surveys and client feedback to properly attend to customer needs, and enhanced knowledge sharing and collaboration between Product Managers and his Salespeople.

References

Al-Ani, Ban, Agnes Horspool, and Michelle C. Bligh. 2011. “Collaborating with ‘virtual strangers’: Towards developing a framework for leadership in distributed teams.” Leadership 7 (3): 219-249. Doi: 10.1177/1742715011407382

Hertel, Guido, Susanne Geister, and Udo Konradt. 2005. “Managing virtual teams: A review of current empirical research.” Human Resource Management Review 15 (1): 69-95. doi: 10.1016/j.hrmr.2005.01.002.

Labrosse, Michelle. 2008. “Managing Virtual Teams.” Employment Relations Today 35 (2): 81-86. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ert.20205

[Solved] brain dysfunction and criminal behavior

Brain Dysfunction and Criminal Behavior
July 16, 2013

Over many decades, there has been research done to find out what are the reasons behind an individual committing a criminal against another individual. Is it because they are not satisfied with their life and they want what the other person has at that moment? Within this research, doctors have begun to see that there are factors in which an individual commits crimes, whether it was because of the environment they were from or was it something the genetic.

When looking at the first factor, the environment, we would not what influence would lead a crime to pursue the life of crime. Some people may say that the reason why someone would commit a crime is because they are hanging around the wrong crowd or they were just not raised right. Yes, these issues may play a part to why a person becomes a criminal at a young age or sometimes in the heat of the moment. As stated in the text, some youth that shows certain disorders such as Oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder have behaviors have a significant impairment in social, academic, or occupational functioning (DeLisi, 2013). With a young child showing traits like this, it is stated that they would more than likely to become a criminal (DeLisi, 2013).

A major factor that plays an important part in a criminal’s behavior or has an influence on an individual becoming a criminal is the family and how they were raised. In families that do not have the influence of drugs and alcohol abuse, domestic abuse or any type of outside deviant behavior within the home, are likely to have a positive influence on their child’s life compared to someone that has been introduced to this type of environment (DeLisi, 2013). An example of the wrong family up bring would be the case of serial murderer Lorenzo Gilyard, he was raised by a family of criminals, his father was a career criminal which included rape and his siblings were convicted of homicides (DeLisi, 2013). Another factor in which a criminal behavior is
influence is genetically. It is known that some individual may have a chemical imbalance inside their brain that may provoke them to commit simple crimes such as theft, or commit crime against other individuals. In the film, The brain and violence: Secrets of the mind, there was an examination of the brain that belonged to pro-wrestler Chris Benoit. The study was done because everyone including the fans and his family wanted to know what caused him to kill his entire family. Upon the research, the examiner found that the reason why Chris murdered his family was because the nerves in his brain were damaged from all the concussion he inquired during his wrestling career (ABC News, 2010). Also in the film it was proven that some criminal genes are actual inherited, as researched by Neuroscientist James Fallon, he discovered that he has the genetic makeup of a murder because of his research of the brain. Dr. Fallon discovered that all murders have a lack of color at the frontal lobe of the brain which means emotions such as sympathy are not shown when they commit crimes against others (ABC News, 2010).

When looking at the life of a criminal, there is never one thing that could have some type of impact in which made them decide that they wanted to commit crimes against others. In some instances the family up bringing would play and important part in some behaviors such as rape, homicide and theft. In some instances, the criminal could be the victim based on the environment in which they came from during their childhood (Samenow, 2004). As far as looking at the genetic makeup of a criminal, it is believed that a person could have the genes to be a criminal, but it is all decided on the environment the person was raised, Dr. Fallon is a prime example that the love and support of the family would disregard the genetic makeup of a criminal.

References:
Samenow, Stanton. (2004). Inside the Criminal Mind. Crown Publishing Group, Incorporated. Retrieved from http://site.ebrary.com ABC News (Producer). (2010). The brain and violence: Secrets of your mind [Series episode]. In Secrets of Your Mind: Why We Do What We Do. Retrieved from http://digital.films.com DeLisi, M. (2013). Criminal psychology. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc. Retrieved from http://www.ashford.edu

[Solved] characters in anthony lukas and richard broadmans books

The Character of the City Boston in J Anthony Lukas’ Common Ground and Richard Broadman’s Mission Hill and the Miracle of Boston In this course we have learned that a city’s character is “a legacy for seeing, interpreting, exploiting, and transforming its social, cultural and political opportunities as a physical community.” How is it possible for a city like Boston to have character? Well, the institutional and cultural continuity along with the resistance and reconstruction of culture has allowed the character of Boston to be defined simply by the underlying idea of conflict. Through J Anthony Lukas’ Common Ground and Richard Broadman’s Mission Hill and the Miracle of Boston, we can see that the catalyst for this sense of conflict has been social dissentions between classes and races. These dissentions are clearly detailed through both the Urban Renewal plans of Mission Hill in the 1960s and 1970s and the school busing case of 1974.When looking at the character of Boston one must understand the amount of controversy our city has encountered as well as the way they have identified and resolved these crisis’s. Through this deduction along with my own personal experience of living in Boston a step towards finding a distinct character of Boston may be possible. When analyzing conflict as the character of Boston, you will find that conflict is triadic not dyadic. This means that there are three parties involved instead of just two parties. This is important when looking at the two issues of urban renewal and busing. The concept of conflict includes established insiders with many options, struggling insiders with some options and ascendant outsiders with few or no options. When comparing this information to both urban renewal c.

. .Boston a better place to be because it has already experienced so many things. From early revolutionary leaders to the fairly recent quota case at Boston Latin, Boston had seen its share of social dissention. Boston has resolved conflicts between different groups very professionally and orderly. In the past thirty years since the busing case not many cases of racial problems have surfaced. I think Boston provides the country with a very detailed and specific look at its issues. It seems that all sides of the issue are looked at very carefully before a decision is made. Through the urban renewal case and the busing case of 1974 one can see that when finding a distinct characteristic one would find conflict to be it. This sense of conflict surrounds every issue and blankets the ideas expressed in the movie, Mission Hill Miracle of Boston and the book Common Ground.

[Solved] right hemisphere brain damage

Right Hemisphere Injury The brain is a very powerful organ that us humans have in our bodies. Without the brain the body would not be able to function. The brain is the center of the nervous system and it controls some of your basic types of responsiveness such as reflexes. The brain is made up of two hemispheres, the right and the left. The left hemisphere controls the right side of your body and the right hemisphere controls the left side of your body. Most people in the world are right handed which means that your left side of their brain is in constant use and their right side of their brain is normally at rest.

Not only is the brain the major organ in your body it is also one of the most sensitive organs. The brain is so sensitive that a minor bumping of the head can cause injury to it. Right hemisphere injury is damage to the right side of your brain. Injury to either side of your brain can be harmful to the rest of your body, but injury to the right side of your brain damages your cognitive functioning. For over one hundred years scientists have discovered that the left side of the brain controls the language skills in 95 percent of right-handed people. The studying of the brain began during the renaissance.

Scientists thought that the two hemispheres were the same and they didn’t notice a difference between the two until the 19th century. Around the 1960s experiments were beginning to show that the right hemisphere had something to do with the language abilities. “The right brain hemisphere was thought to possess only lower level capabilities and was considered subordinate to the left side” (Right-Brain Hemisphere). The right side of your brain is responsible for the auditory and visual imagery. When the right side of the brain is damaged, people usually have a hard time recognizing faces and songs and also meeting new people.

They have a hard time meeting new people due to the fact that it is very difficult for them to remember the new faces. Since the right hemisphere also deals with emotions, people whose right hemisphere is damaged have a hard time producing and interpreting emotions. If the front of your right hemisphere is damaged then it is usually hard to produce strong emotions, but if the back of your right hemisphere is damaged then you can produce emotions but do not understand other people’s emotions. Also, when the right side of your brain is damaged, it can lead to cognitive communication problems such as impaired memory, attention problems, and poor easoning (Right Hemisphere Brain Damage). There are many different signs and symptoms when a person is experiencing right hemisphere injury. First, is a short attention span, people whose right side of the brain is injured normally lose attention quickly. They have trouble concentrating and also multi-tasking. Not only do they have trouble paying attention they also have trouble remembering things. It becomes difficult for them to drive as they forget street names and directions that they were once familiar with. They have trouble remembering certain dates and important information such as their birthday and age.

This is similar to Alzheimer’s disease, which is a disease that also affects your brain and its function to memorize things. Since the right hemisphere of your brain controls your thinking process, solving problems and organization when faced with an injury it becomes a very difficult task. Telling a story or giving directions in order is something that you no longer can do. Social communication also becomes a problem pertaining to gestures and other nonverbal communication becomes difficult to understand. Left side neglect also occurs. Left side neglect is a form of attention deficit.

This means that the person normally does not pay attention to the left side of their bodies. They won’t chew food on the left side of their mouth, they won’t brush the left side of their hair, and their reading is also affected because they may not read the words on the left side of the page. Right hemisphere injury is normally caused by strokes, tumors, surgery gone wrong, infection/illness, and traumatic brain injuries. The location and the degree of the injury vary with each incident. When dealing with strokes it always affects the right side of the brain. It slows down you mental development and it interacts with your motor skills.

When you are a child and you have damage to your right hemisphere it’s a little bit different than when you are an adult. Your brain cannot develop language skills as quickly as children. For example when you are a child and you are just starting to learn words from your parents and you have right hemisphere injury, you will not be able to mimic their words, thus slowing down your understanding and mental awareness of the language. The right hemisphere of your brain can greatly affect your verbal communication. Almost 50 percent of the people who suffer from right hemisphere injury have some type of verbal communication impairment. A patient with right hemisphere damage can, amongst other things, show difficulty transmitting communicative intentions based on emotions, on modulation of speech parameters, and on indirect meanings of discourse or figurative language” (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). Considering the fact that the person has trouble having a conversation, it’s not just difficult for them it’s also difficult for the people around them such as their family and friends. Their family and friends has to put in extra work to try to comprehend what the person experiencing right hemisphere damage is saying. The capacity to establish semantic relationships between words may also be altered in patients with right hemisphere damage”. This means that as stated earlier people who are affected by RHD (right hemisphere damage) have trouble putting together stories and recalling events that happened in the past. They remember the unusual details of the story and they sometimes justify the details. “One of the salient characteristics of patients with RHD is their inability to respect the principle of cooperation that regulates conversation.

Amongst other things, they have difficulty respecting turn-taking, maintaining appropriate visual contact with their interlocutor, and controlling the progression and coherence of the topic during the communicative exchange” (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). Individuals with right hemisphere injury may have trouble maintaining eye contact, starting a conversation, using and interpreting facial expressions, and also understanding nonverbal communication (Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Speech-Language Pathology Practice Council (2012, September). . An individual with right hemisphere injury should see a specialist. Nine times out of ten they should see a speech-language pathologist. SLP specializes in communication disorders and will work with the individuals to develop a treatment plan designed to improve their cognitive communication abilities (Right Hemisphere Brain Damage. (2013). ). During the treatment or therapy the individual will be working the muscles in the brain to help develop the right hemisphere.

Activities such as using repeated presentation of the Token Test, which is associated with change of the brain functions. Other beneficial treatments are using computers and with using computers the person will deal with training such as a reading task which applies with visual matching and reading comprehension. However, if that person is faced with a serious RHD and loses motor abilities of the left side of the body that person can also use a computer as a therapy to help receive movement in the fingers, arm tc. In addition to therapy and treatments, one treatment stood out to me the most. There is a treatment called “Edgeness” and what this does is allows the person to persistently remember where the object was placed (Abusamra, V. (2009). ). The doctor tells the patient to trace the object and while he or she is looking away the doctor moves the object to the left after moving the object the doctor tells the patient the grab the object to see if the patient remembers what and where the object was recently placed.

Also, other treatments like “Bookness” are designed to help patients focus on stimulating the brain. However, the treatment, “Bookness” which involves reading, should only be used after Edgeness in order to get the best results. Pertaining to child right hemisphere damage compared to adult right hemisphere damage, there are two people in my life that has been faced with a brain injury on their right side. A young child at the age of 3 months was dropped on his head and received a skull fracture that resulted in 50% of his right hemisphere of his brain to be removed.

Due to the re-moving of his brain he had constant seizures and his mental ability to interact, speak, and move became impaired. He went through a series of therapy such as language therapy, physical therapy, and mental teary to try to help improve his development. The activities that he participated in dealing with physical therapy were games that were associated with blocks. There were three blocks and each block was a different color and different shape and he had to match the color and the shapes. As far as language therapy, he had to say a series of words like mother, father, no, yes.

Not only did he have to say the words he also had to match the actions with the words. Now he is five years old but due to his injury he is at a mental state of a three year old, his motor skills and his language skills has improved. In comparison to the child, an adult who suffered from right hemisphere injury has no chance of recovery fully because his brain is fully developed. The adult was 47 years old when he got into a motorcycle accident which caused a skull fracture to the right hemisphere of his brain.

He had major surgery on his brain and he lost 50 % of his right hemisphere. When he began his recovery, the doctors had to basically restart his process of life. Meaning he had to learn how to re-walk, re-talk, and re-think. The doctors had activities such as daily exercises that involved using his motor and mental ablatives The doctors had flash cards having him explain the emotions and the faces of the cards. It was very difficult for him and also the people around him as they had to work with him in learning everything all over.

In conclusion right hemisphere injury is something that most people who suffer from this injury at an older age cannot bounce back from. It causes many problems and delays in the developmental system in the brain. However there are treatments but most treatments are not 100 percent accurate that they will work well enough for them to go back to normal. If you are surrounded by someone who suffers from right hemisphere injury there are certain things you can do to help them improve.

You can set up daily routines to help them familiarize themselves with the environment, you can lower loud background noises to help them better concentrate, and you can approach them from the right side and avoid moving rapidly. References Abusamra, V. (2009). Communication Impairments in Patients with Right Hemisphere Damage | Valeria Abusamra – Academia. edu. Retrieved from Academia. edu website: http://www. academia. edu/810990/Communication_Impairments_in_Patients_with_Right_Hemisphere_Damage Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago Speech-Language Pathology Practice Council (2012, September).

LIFE Center: Communication Disorders due to Right Hemisphere Damage. Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://lifecenter. ric. org/index. php? tray=content&tid=top125&cid=282 Right Hemisphere Brain Damage. (2013). Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://www. asha. org/public/speech/disorders/RightBrainDamage. htm Right-Brain Hemisphere – Left, People, Hemispheres, and Split – JRank Articles. (2008). Retrieved April 30, 2013, from http://psychology. jrank. org/pages/545/Right-Brain-Hemisphere. html

[Solved] the boston red sox

Americas favorite professional past time sport is Major League Baseball. The two most popular teams in Major League Baseball are the New York Yankees and the Boston Red Sox. These two teams are the highest paid team, in both the National and American league. The Yankees are the highest paid franchise and the Red Sox are the second. Both of these teams have great legends behind them. The talent between the players are a lot alike but yet very different too. The legends have followed them through the years and because of that they have created more fans to take part in the love of the game.

These two teams have one of the oldest and fiercest rivalries in any American professional sport. The history of the Boston Red Sox take place back in the late 1800’s and the first twenty years of the next century. Back in those days the Red Sox were the best in the league. They use to be called, the Boston Americans due to the location of the closest port to Europe. They also have won five World Series in the years between 1913 through 1918. In 1919, after their win the owner began to sell his players. One of the many players that was sold to the New York Yankees was the one and only Babe Ruth.

After the Babe was sold, the Boston Red Sox had begun a losing streak that would last for the next eighty six years. The fans started calling the long, lengthy slump, The Slump of the Bambino. Shortly thereafter, the fans of the Red Sox began to despise the Yankees. After the long agonizing slump they managed to come out on top in 2004, winning the World Series against the Saint Louis Cardinals. They finally broke the Curse of the Bambino, and won the World Series again in 2007. The year winning talent of the Boston Red Sox consisted of their captain, Jason Varitek.

Varitek is a remarkable defensive player. He is very difficult to steal second base, unless you have amazing speed. What he lacks offensively he exceeds in defense. He does not have an over powering hitting game. He is a switch hitter to as well. Jonathan Papelbon, is their ninth inning closing pitcher. He is the youth of the closing pitchers in the American League. His best pitch is the fastball inside. With good winning combinations of the offense and defense anything is possible. The Red Sox fans are very dedicated crowd of people. The say and do anything to support their team.

They began a chant called “1918,” to remind them of their last World Series. They also introduced the Boston Red Sox Nation to America. The actual players take part in supporting them, Curt Schillings, their ace pitcher at the time, wore a “Yankee Haters” hat to an ice hockey game. The Red Sox over the years have become jealous of the New York Yankees due to their multiple World Series. It is upsetting to know that someone has created a negative logo to enhance the Red Sox popularity. All I can say is “Welcome to America”. However, the New York Yankees, like the Red Sox, had a different name to as well.

They were called the Baltimore Orioles in 1901, and then in 1903 they soon became the New York Highlanders. They too were name after their location. Unlike the Red Sox, the Yankees got their first World Series in 1934 and continued to produce a whopping 26 World Series up until 2000. In the 2001, they entered their slump too. There was no explanation for it. They just had to rebuild their team. The team was a combination of veterans and rookies. The combination of the two no matter how hard they tried just did not produce any World Series.

Over the past few years they have made some great improvements. They began making some great trades, changes in the management and putting together a phenomenal line up. This season could be the end to to their eight year losing streak. Just like the Red Sox catcher, Jorge Posada, is an average catcher defensively. What Posada lacks defensively he makes up in offense. He is definitely easier to steal second off of and his at bats are amazing. He too is a switch hitter. Their closing pitcher, Mariano Riveria, is a veteran and still manages to bang out a lot of closes with his infamous cutter fastballs.

Alex Rodriguez, is their third baseman, and he has managed to be the youngest batter ever to hit five hundred home runs. In comparison to Ted Williams, from the Red Sox, he was an outfielder for them in 1939. These two players are very similar both have played for eighteen years or more and have reach the home run mark. But A-Rod is still continuing his career where Ted Williams retired after twenty one amazing years of playing. Williams ended his career with five hundred and twenty one home runs in 1960. The Yankees fans, just like the Red Sox fans, honor and respect their teams.

The franchise of the Yankees have done right by their fans by bringing home twenty six World Series. The Yankee fans take great pride in all the victories that the men in pinstripes have produced in the past decades. They have had to endure the good, the bad and the ugly times together, like all other fans have with their teams. The Yankee fans are less worried about what the Red Sox Nation are doing to get players. Unlike the New York Yankees, the Red Sox Nation worry more about what the New York Yankees management are doing to get players.

The rivalry of the two teams are older than most of us here today. It is the way the teams and fans present themselves that help the reputation of the franchise. A lot of people look as winning and losing a top priority but to some fans and teams it is the pride and dignity that becomes just as important. These two teams both have a lot of similar characteristics and talents. However, the differences is what makes the rivalry between these two teams so one of the best rivalries in Americas’ favorite past time sport.

[Solved] lebanese brain drain

Lebanon is facing a critical economic situation. The economic crisis is encouraging Lebanese citizens to emigrate, leaving their country, and their families behind. Statistics showed that “most emigrants are mainly men between the ages of 20 to 44”, Safieddine, Assem (2004). Also, by losing Lebanon’s middle class, Lebanon is becoming more deprived of productivity and development. Since the most educated people are the most common emigrants, the government should put more effort into improving Lebanon’s current situation and provide proper representatives to assess the country’s social, political, and economical problem.

Emigration has come to have a few causes. One cause is economic, which is because of the lack of opportunities and poverty we have in Lebanon. Another cause is from different academic levels, which lead to poor management of certain domains that enrich our country. Last but not least, society is another cause. The lack of security that is in the country does not make Lebanon as stable as it should be. Therefore, how are these causes really affecting Lebanon? The emigration of important figures such as professionals and technicians reflects the extent of severity of the drain in Lebanon.

Such problems are faced worldwide, and not just in Lebanon, but are also being solved. Lebanon’s government ceases to address such issues, and is ignoring the fact that the country is losing. Lebanese people are gradually leaving their country, and not finding any incentive to stay, despite their love and attachment to their country. Parents are losing their children to foreign nations after many years of investing and educating them. Immigrating to strange nations is becoming very understandable. Lebanon is at its worst when it comes to finding a job and looking for stability.

The country’s problems and economic downturn is not helping in providing hope to young graduates who are seeking to get hired and begin their new independent lives. Opportunities abroad are becoming more tempting than ever because it is hard to experience freedom when you’re living in a society that has a strong dose of politics. Emigration has always been a common thing in Lebanon. There is no doubt that after the war ended in 2006, tension grew stronger in Lebanon. Massive assassinations and demonstrations then began, and drew the country into civil war.

Many of the emigrants who left never came back, and more are leaving as conflicts are increasing. Almost every Lebanese now carries much uncertainty, not knowing if another fight or political crisis will begin. Not knowing whether Lebanon will have a better future is turning into a burden and is pushing people to have enough of living in the way they are today. Lebanese people have had enough of the tension, and the grief towards their country. Lebanon has always been known as the country filled with beauty, having it all; sea, snow, mountains, and urban areas.

Now it is known as the country that is losing hope as long as the government and politicians don’t get along to unite the country once and for all. Every family across the region, hopes for a better future, and wonders if that day will ever come. The temptation of a better living abroad with great living conditions along with political stability is draining our country’s economy. Opportunities outside Lebanon are luring our graduates and educated people to fit positions around the world when they should be productive in their home land and invest their time and effort into the country they represent.

Educated people need to stay and take care of their country, because if they don’t, there will not be anyone left who will. A plan must be made to increase Lebanon’s development. Lebanon’s debt of $58 billion is stopping the economy’s growth that is why immediate action must be taken to save the country and increase its wealth and savings. Giving rights to emigrants who are linked to Lebanon is one step in strengthening our country. Other ways that could be effective is by encouraging investments by locals and being more engaged in the community.

Because Lebanon is much politicized, what is the most corruptive is the lack of trust us citizens have towards our government. This lack of trust is impacting people’s willingness to invest in a negative way. Lebanon’s education problem also plays a role in the damage that is happening. Educated people are having trouble finding suitable jobs in Lebanon, which encourages them to work abroad. On the other hand, the absence of good quality education that is leading to unequal levels of literacy is one of the large reasons that affect our country.

When there is a high percentage of people with not enough education, and are not treated fairly and who are victims of the government who is not providing fair treatment, it leads them to turning into rebels of their own country, and following sects blindly without knowledge of how they are acting. When such people roam the streets causing problems because their so called political “leader” implies that, it destroys the country’s image and is setting apart the country’s people instead of bringing them together.

Politicians should become good role models to those who look up to them, because they have the most influence in the current situation. If politicians and leaders of the country are able to do that then maybe there will be hope to bringing people together to make our country a better one. Having Lebanese abroad mastering their skills makes us proud. It is a way of representing Lebanon as a country and showing the rest of the world what Lebanese people are capable of. As soon as these people start preferring the living outside their home land, without the thought of coming back, that is when the crisis begins.

Leaders and strong figures of Lebanon have to start putting everything back in place and bring back the beauty of Lebanon. Also, allow everyone to be treated fairly and with respect in order for us to be proud Lebanese. In addition to letting the young generations believe that they can have a great future in the country they were raised in, and feel that they are good enough to contribute to their country without the so called wasta. The drain in Lebanon is to no one’s benefit. People emigrate leaving their hearts in their country, not knowing if they will ever be back.

Those who are left, who are planning to leave their families behind, deserve to have some hope and better opportunities. If we don’t work together in hope for a better tomorrow, those who are emigrating, will continue to emigrate, taking away the educated along with the new generations blooming, and Lebanon will be left with nothing, and no one to take care of. References: Safieddine, Assem (2004, February 23). Brain Drain or Brain Gain?. The Daily Star Ghattas,Kim (2007, February 2). Lebanon’s Brain Drain Alarm. BBC News Sassine, Georges (2011, December 12). Don’t Let Lebanon’s Diaspora Go to Waste. The Daily Star

[Solved] boston terrier essay 1372 essay

How many of you have a Canis familiaris as a pet? Americans are widely known for their love for pets. peculiarly Canis familiariss. There are many strains of Canis familiariss. yet merely 1 has been nicknamed the “American Gentleman” for over a hundred old ages.

The Boston terrier is considered a true all-American Canis familiaris strain and one of the most popular Canis familiariss. which history. physical visual aspect. alone personality and soft temperament make him “the American Gentleman” .

Passage: To get down. I will state you about the Boston terrier’s history [ PP-2 ]

The Boston terrier can follow its history back to 1865. in Boston Massachusetts. At this clip pit contending between Canis familiariss was still a popular signifier of amusement. So the owners’ end was to bring forth a perfect “fighting” strain. that’s how the Boston terrier was born. from a cross between the English bulldog and the now nonextant White English terrier. This genteelness produced a Canis familiaris that possessed both the strength and doggedness of the bulldog and the velocity and speedy reactions of the terrier.

Hub of the universes are the first strain developed in the United States that was recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1893. and belong to a portion of a non-sporting group which is diverse. In 1979. Governor of Massachusetts. Edward King officially named the Boston terrier the state’s Canis familiaris.

Passage: Now that we have discussed the history let’s continue with the Boston’s physical visual aspect [ PP-3 ]

Once this strain was recognized by the AKC. strain criterions were created. the general Boston terrier visual aspect is defined as a lively. extremely intelligent Canis familiaris which possesses an expressive face and a level caput. [ PP-4 ] The Boston’s coat is short. smooth. bright and all right in texture. It is black. brindle or seal in colour with white markers. When it comes to sizes people have options to take from.

The Boston’s weight is divided by three categories ; lightweight are those Canis familiariss under 15 lbs. medium Canis familiariss weigh more than 15 lbs but less than 20 lbs and Heavy Canis familiariss weigh more than 20 lbs but less than 25 lbs. This breed’s height scopes from 15 to 17 inches ; hence in general Bostons are little Canis familiariss.

Passage: Now that we have discussed their physical visual aspect. let’s coating with the Boston’s personality. [ PP-5 ]

This strain has a strong and friendly personality. Even though they were originally bred for contending. they ended up going a great comrade. Hub of the universes are extremely intelligent which makes them really easy to develop. They get along good with merely about everyone from their proprietors to childs. other household pets. the cat following door. all visitants and even aliens!

In drumhead. today I have told you about the American Gentleman’s history. physical visual aspect and alone personality. So. following clip you look for a good comrade. retrieve what I have shared with you today. I want to reason with this quotation mark from an unknown Canis familiaris lover. “The Boston terrier is a semisynthetic strain and is every bit American as the apple pie. and nil in America is more American or more expressive of the American spirit than that American Canis familiaris. the Boston terrier. ”

[Solved] better boston beans

  1. With this particular case study I will discuss several questions and facts regarding Better Boston Beans.
  2. A brief summary of the case.
  3. Briefly explain the Six Pillars of Character.
  4. Evaluate the actions of the parties from the perspective of six pillars of character.

evaluate the actions from the perspective of Kohlberg’s six stages of moral development and what ethical reasoning can you develop from this case? The case takes place in a coffee shop located in Boston’s famous Faneuil Hall Marketplace called Better Boston Beans. In this particular case Cindi is a recent college …show more content…

However, because Lyndell is leaving early on a regular basis he is violating every aspect of The Six Pillars of Character. He is taking advantage of Cindi’s newness as well as the fact that she has not mentioned his absence to the manager. In doing so he is violating the precepts of Fairness, Respect and Trustworthiness. By not obeying the company rules of being there for this full shift and doing his job he is violating Citizenship, Trustworthiness and Responsibility.

Cindi’s actions are more of a gray area as some of her actions while technically violating The Six Pillars of Character do have backing of another pillar for the reasoning behind them. Where she does violate some of the pillars it is glaringly clear and I will address this first. In not reporting that Lyndell is leaving his shift early she violates Trustworthiness and Respect. Companies expect you to notify management if there is violation of the company rules and she is not being honest by saying anything at all.

By not notifying the manager that Lyndell is failing to stay for his entire shift, she is being disrespectful of the manager’s authority and not obeying the rules she is violating the Pillar of Citizenship. As I previously indicated there is a gray area. In saying that Lyndell was sick and had to leave early Cindi did violate Trustworthiness and Respect on behalf of the customer but in doing so she.